Author: Sieber, T.
Paper Title Page
MOPP003 Beam Current Measurements with Sub-Microampere Resolution using CWCT and BCM-CW-E 62
 
  • F. Stulle, L. Dupuy, E.T. Touzain
    BERGOZ Instrumentation, Saint Genis Pouilly, France
  • W.A. Barth, P. Forck, M. Miski-Oglu, T. Sieber
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  The CWCT current transformer and its accompanying BCM-CW-E electronics allow accurate, high-resolution beam current measurements. This is achieved by combining a high-droop current transformer with low-noise sample-and-hold electronics. Thanks to a fast response time on the microseconds level the system can be applied not only to CW beams but also macropulses. Pulse repetition rates may range from 10MHz to 500MHz, rendering CWCT and BCM-CW-E suitable for a wide variety of accelerators. We report on test bench measurements achieving sub-microampere resolution. And we discuss results of beam measurements performed at the cwLINAC (GSI), which confirm the expected performance.  
poster icon Poster MOPP003 [6.507 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP003  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP007 Versatile Beamline Cryostat for the Cryogenic Current Comparator (CCC) for FAIR 77
 
  • D.M. Haider, F. Kurian, M. Schwickert, T. Sieber, T. Stöhlker, F. Ucar
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • H. De Gersem, N. Marsic, W.F.O. Müller
    TEMF, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • J. Golm
    FSU Jena, Jena, Germany
  • J. Golm, T. Koettig
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Schmelz, R. Stolz, V. Zakosarenko
    IPHT, Jena, Germany
  • T. Stöhlker
    IOQ, Jena, Germany
  • T. Stöhlker, V. Tympel
    HIJ, Jena, Germany
  • V. Zakosarenko
    Supracon AG, Jena, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by AVA - Accelerators Validating Antimatter the EU H2020 Marie-Curie Action No. 721559 and by the BMBF under contract No. 05P15SJRBA and 5P18SJRB1.
The Cryogenic Current Comparator (CCC) extends the measurement range of traditional non-destructive current monitors used in accelerator beamlines down to a few nano-amperes of direct beam current. This is achieved by a cryogenic environment of liquid helium around the beamline, in which the beam’s magnetic field is measured with a Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID), which is itself enclosed in a superconducting shielding structure. For this purpose, a versatile UHV-beamline cryostat was designed for the CCCs at FAIR and is currently in production. It is built for long-term autonomous operation with a closed helium re-liquefaction cycle and with good access to all inner components. The design is supported by simulations of the cryostat’s mechanical eigenmodes to minimize the excitation by vibrations in an accelerator environment. A prototype at GSI has demonstrated the self-contained cryogenic operation in combination with a 15 l/day re-liquefier. The cryostat will be used in CRYRING to compare the FAIR-CCC-X with newly developed CCC-types for 150 mm beamlines. Both which will supply a nA current reading during commissioning and for the experiments.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP007  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP008 First Measurements of a New Type of Coreless Cryogenic Current Comparators (4C) for Non-Destructive Intensity Diagnostics of Charged Particles 81
 
  • V. Tympel, T. Stöhlker
    HIJ, Jena, Germany
  • S. Anders, J. Kunert, M. Schmelz, R. Stolz, V. Zakosarenko
    IPHT, Jena, Germany
  • H. De Gersem, N. Marsic, W.F.O. Müller
    TEMF, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • J. Golm, F. Schmidl, T. Schönau, P. Seidel, M. Stapelfeld
    FSU Jena, Jena, Germany
  • D.M. Haider, M. Schwickert, T. Sieber, T. Stöhlker
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • T. Stöhlker
    IOQ, Jena, Germany
  • J. Tan
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • V. Zakosarenko
    Supracon AG, Jena, Germany
 
  Funding: Supported by the BMBF, project numbers 05P15SJRBA, 05P18RDRB1 and 05P18SJRB1.
The non-destructive and highly sensitive measurement of a charged particle beam is of utmost importance for modern particle accelerator facilities. A Cryogenic Current Comparator (CCC) can be used to measure beam currents in the nA-range. Therein, charged particles passing through a superconducting toroid induce screening currents at the surface of the toroid, which are measured via SQUIDs. Classical CCC beam monitors make use of a high magnetic permeability core as a flux-concentrator for the pickup coil. The core increases the pickup inductance and thus coupling to the beam, but unfortunately also raises low-frequency noise and thermal drift. In the new concept from the Leibniz Institute of Photonic Technology the Coreless Cryogenic Current Comparator (4C) completely omits this core and instead uses highly sensitive SQUIDs featuring sub-micron cross-type Josephson tunnel junctions. Combined with a new shielding geometry a compact and comparably lightweight design has been developed, which exhibits a current sensitivity of about 6 pA/sqrt(Hz) in the white noise region and a measured shielding factor of about 134 dB*.
* V. Zakosarenko et al., Coreless SQUID-based cryogenic current comparator for non-destructive intensity diagnostics of charged particle beams, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 32 (2019) 014002.
 
poster icon Poster MOPP008 [13.550 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP008  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP038 The Beam Diagnostics Test Bench for the Commissioning of the Proton Linac at FAIR 197
 
  • S. Udrea, P. Forck, C.M. Kleffner, K. Knie, T. Sieber
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  A dedicated proton injector for FAIR (the pLinac) is presently under construction at GSI Darmstadt. This accelerator is designed to deliver a beam current of up to 70 mA with a final energy of 68 MeV for the FAIR anti-proton program. For the commissioning of the pLinac a movable beam diagnostics test bench will be used to characterize the proton beam at different locations during the stepwise installation. The test bench will consist of all relevant types of diagnostic devices as BPM’s, ACCT’s, SEM grids, a slit-grid emittance device and a bunch shape monitor. Moreover, a magnetic spectrometer is supposed to measure the energy spread of the proton beam. Point-to-point imaging is foreseen to enable high energy resolution independently on the transverse emittance. Due to the limited space in the accelerator tunnel a special design must be chosen with the inclusion of quadrupole magnets. The present contribution gives an overall presentation of the test bench and its devices with a special emphasis on the magnetic spectrometer design.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP038  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUCO04 Longitudinal Phase Space Reconstruction for the Heavy Ion Accelerator HELIAC 261
 
  • S. Lauber, K. Aulenbacher, W.A. Barth, C. Burandt, F.D. Dziuba, V. Gettmann, T. Kürzeder, J. List, M. Miski-Oglu
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher, W.A. Barth, C. Burandt, F.D. Dziuba, P. Forck, V. Gettmann, M. Heilmann, T. Kürzeder, S. Lauber, J. List, M. Miski-Oglu, A. Rubin, T. Sieber, S. Yaramyshev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher
    KPH, Mainz, Germany
  • F.D. Dziuba, S. Lauber, J. List
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
  • H. Podlech, M. Schwarz
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  At the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany, a prototype cryomodule (Advanced Demonstrator) for the superconducting (SC) continuous wave (CW) Helmholtz Linear Accelerator (HELIAC) is under construction. A transport line, comprising quadrupole lenses, rebuncher cavities, beam correctors and sufficient beam instrumentation has been built to deliver the beam from the GSI 1.4 MeV/u High Charge Injector (HLI) to the Advanced Demonstrator, which offers a test environment for SC CW multigap cavities. In order to achieve proper phase space matching, the beam from the HLI must be characterized in detail. In a dedicated machine experiment the bunch shape has been measured with a non destructive bunch shape monitor (BSM). The BSM offers a sufficient spatial resolution to use it for reconstruction of the energy spread. Therefore, different bunch projections were obtained by altering the voltage of two rebunchers. These measurements were combined with dedicated beam dynamics simulations using the particle tracking code Dynamion. The longitudinal bunch shape and density distribution at the beginning of the matching line could be fully characterized.  
slides icon Slides TUCO04 [1.810 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUCO04  
About • paper received ※ 30 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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