Keyword: linac
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MOBO04 Characterization and First Beam Loss Detection with One ESS-nBLM System Detector neutron, detector, operation, proton 28
 
  • L. Segui, H. Alves, S. Aune, J. Beltramelli, Q. Bertrand, M. Combet, M. Kebbiri, Ph. Legou, O. Maillard, A. Marcel, T. Papaevangelou
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • A. Dano-Daguze, D. Desforge, F. Gougnaud, T.J. Joannem, C. Lahonde-Hamdoun, P. Le Bourlout, Y. Mariette, J. Marroncle, V. Nadot, G. Tsiledakis
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  • I. Dolenc Kittelmann, T.J. Shea
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
 
  The monitoring of losses is crucial in any accelerator. In the new high intensity hadron facilities even low energy beam can damage or activate the materials so the detection of small losses in this region is very important. A new type of neutron beam loss monitor has been developed specifically targeting this region, where only neutrons and photons can be produced and where typical BLM, based on charged particle detection, could not be appropriate because of the photon background due to the RF cavities. The BLM proposed is based on gaseous Micromegas detectors, designed to be sensitive to fast neutrons and with little sensitivity to photons. Development of the detectors presented here has been done to fulfil the requirements of ESS and they will be part of the ESS-BI systems. The detector has been presented in previous editions of the conference. Here we focus on the neutron/gamma rejection with the final FEE and in the first operation of one of the modules in a beam during the commissioning of LINAC4 (CERN) with the detection of provoked losses and their clear separation from RF gammas. The ESS-nBLM system is presented in this conference in a separate contribution.  
slides icon Slides MOBO04 [7.609 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOBO04  
About • paper received ※ 05 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOCO02 Development of a Passive Cavity Beam Intensity Monitor for Pulsed Proton Beams for Medical Applications cavity, proton, booster, simulation 40
 
  • P. Nenzi, A. Ampollini, G. Bazzano, F. Cardelli, L. Picardi, L. Piersanti, C. Ronsivalle, V. Surrenti, E. Trinca
    ENEA C.R. Frascati, Frascati (Roma), Italy
 
  Funding: This work has been funded by the Innovation Department of Regione Lazio Government, Italy.
In this work the design of a passive cavity beam intensity monitor to be used in the TOP-IMPLART medical proton linac for the on-line measurement of beam current is presented. It will be used to monitor the beam between modules and at the linac exit. TOP-IMPLART produces a pulsed proton beam with 3 us duration at 200 Hz repetition rate with a current between 0.1 uA and 50 uA. The current required for medical applications is less than 1 uA and has to be known with an accuracy better than 5%. Large dynamic range and space constraints make the use of usual non-interceptive beam diagnostics unfeasible. The proposed system consists of a resonant cavity working in the TM010 mode, generating an electromagnetic field when the beam enters the cavity; a magnetic pickup senses an RF pulse whose amplitude is proportional to the current. The RF pulse is amplified and subsequently detected with zero-biased Schottky diodes. The cavity operates in vacuum when used in the inter-module space. The work reports also the results of preliminary measurements done on an copper prototype in air at the exit of the TOP-IMPLART linac to test the sensitivity of the system on the actual 35 MeV proton beam.
 
slides icon Slides MOCO02 [3.269 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOCO02  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP001 Safety Classified System Using Beam Intensity Monitoring for the Respect of Nuclear Requirements of SPIRAL2 Facility controls, machine-protect, experiment, monitoring 54
 
  • P. Anger, C. Berthe, F. Bucaille, V. Desmezières, C.H. Haquin, C. Jamet, S. Leloir, G. Normand, JC-P. Pacary, S.P.G. Perret-Gatel, A. Savalle
    GANIL, Caen, France
 
  The SPIRAL2 Facility at GANIL is based on the construction of a superconducting ion CW LINAC (up to 5 mA - 40 MeV deuteron beams and up to 1 mA - 14.5 MeV/u heavy ion beams) with 2 experimental areas called S3 and NFS. The building, the accelerator and experimental equipment studies started in 2009. For safety classified system using beam intensity monitoring, SPIRAL2 project system engineering sets up a specific reinforced process, based on V-Model, to validate, at each step, all the requirements (technical, nuclear safety, quality, reliability, interfaces…) from the functional specifications to the final validation. Since 2016, the main part of the safety devices is installed and is currently under testing. These tests which are pre-requisites to deliver the first beam will demonstrate that both functional and safety requirements are fulfilled. This contribution will describe the requirements (operation field, limitation of equipment activation’), the technical studies, the failure mode and effects analysis, the tests, the status and results of the SPIRAL2 Machine Protection System using AC and DC current transformers to measure and control the beam intensity.  
poster icon Poster MOPP001 [1.786 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP001  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP003 Beam Current Measurements with Sub-Microampere Resolution using CWCT and BCM-CW-E instrumentation, electronics, electron, acceleration 62
 
  • F. Stulle, L. Dupuy, E.T. Touzain
    BERGOZ Instrumentation, Saint Genis Pouilly, France
  • W.A. Barth, P. Forck, M. Miski-Oglu, T. Sieber
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  The CWCT current transformer and its accompanying BCM-CW-E electronics allow accurate, high-resolution beam current measurements. This is achieved by combining a high-droop current transformer with low-noise sample-and-hold electronics. Thanks to a fast response time on the microseconds level the system can be applied not only to CW beams but also macropulses. Pulse repetition rates may range from 10MHz to 500MHz, rendering CWCT and BCM-CW-E suitable for a wide variety of accelerators. We report on test bench measurements achieving sub-microampere resolution. And we discuss results of beam measurements performed at the cwLINAC (GSI), which confirm the expected performance.  
poster icon Poster MOPP003 [6.507 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP003  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP004 Development and Calibration of a Multi-Leaf Faraday Cup for the Determination of the Beam Energy of a 50 MeV Electron LINAC in Real-Time electron, detector, radiation, proton 66
 
  • C. Makowski, A. Schüller
    PTB, Braunschweig, Germany
 
  The Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Germany’s national primary standard laboratory, operates an electron LINAC with variable energy (0.5 - 50 MeV). All parameters of the LINAC which influence the RF power (as e.g. the high voltage at modulator) as well as the number of charged particles in a bunch to be accelerated (as e.g. via gun emission) also change the beam energy. To measure the energy during the preparation or optimization of a beam, a Multi-Leaf Faraday Cup (MLFC) was developed. This MLFC allows the measurement of energy and pulse charge in real time, so the influence of the manipulated variables on energy and beam power can be immediately assessed. The MLFC consists of 128 electrically isolated Al plates where the thickness of the entire stack is sufficient to stop a 50 MeV electron beam. After each beam pulse, the charge collected by the Al plates is recorded sequentially. The MLFC was calibrated with monoenergetic electron beams at output of a magnetic spectrometer. Then the MLFC was installed at the end of the accelerator structure. From the recorded charge distributions, the corresponding energy is determined in real time and displayed for each beam pulse.  
poster icon Poster MOPP004 [3.739 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP004  
About • paper received ※ 30 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP022 Neutron Sensitive Beam Loss Monitoring System for the ESS Linac detector, neutron, DTL, monitoring 130
 
  • I. Dolenc Kittelmann, F.S. Alves, E.C. Bergman, C.S. Derrez, V. Grishin, K.E. Rosengren, T.J. Shea
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • Q. Bertrand, T.J. Joannem, Ph. Legou, Y. Mariette, V. Nadot, T. Papaevangelou, L. Segui
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • W. Cichalewski, G.W. Jabłoński, W. Jałmużna, R. Kiełbik
    TUL-DMCS, Łódź, Poland
 
  The European Spallation Source, currently under construction in Lund, Sweden, will be a neutron source based on partly superconducting linac, accelerating protons to 2GeV with a peak current of 62.5mA, ultimately delivering a 5MW beam to a rotating tungsten target. For a successful tuning and operation of a linac, a Beam Loss Monitoring (BLM) system is required. The system is designed to protect the machine from beam-induced damage and unnecessary activation of the components. This contribution focuses on one of the BLM systems to be deployed at the ESS linac, namely the neutron sensitive BLM (nBLM). Recently, test of the nBLM data acquisition chain including the detector has been performed at LINAC4, at CERN. The test represents first evaluation of the system prototype in realistic environment. Results of the test will be presented together with an overview of the ESS nBLM system.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP022  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 07 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP023 Ionisation Chamber Based Beam Loss Monitoring System for the ESS Linac detector, background, neutron, monitoring 135
 
  • I. Dolenc Kittelmann, F.S. Alves, E.C. Bergman, C.S. Derrez, T.J. Grandsaert, V. Grishin, T.J. Shea
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • W. Cichalewski, G.W. Jabłoński, W. Jałmużna, R. Kiełbik
    TUL-DMCS, Łódź, Poland
 
  The European Spallation Source, currently under construction in Lund, Sweden, will be a neutron source based on partly superconducting linac, accelerating protons to 2GeV with a peak current of 62.5mA, ultimately delivering a 5MW beam to a rotating tungsten target. One of the most critical elements for the protection of an accelerator is its Beam Loss Monitoring (BLM) system. The system is designed to protect the machine from beam-induced damage and unnecessary activation of the components. This contribution focuses on one of the BLM systems to be deployed at the ESS linac, namely the Ionisation Chamber based BLM (ICBLM). Several test campaigns have been performed at various facilities. Results of these tests will be presented here together with an overview of the ESS ICBLM system.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP023  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 07 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP025 Enhancements to the SNS* Differential Current Monitor to Minimize Errant Beam cavity, ion-source, controls, real-time 145
 
  • W. Blokland
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
  • C.C. Peters, T.B. Southern
    ORNL RAD, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
 
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by UT-Battelle, LLC, under Contract No. DE-AC05-00OR22725 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
The existing Differential Beam Current Monitor (DBCM) has been modified to not only compare beam current waveforms between upstream and downstream locations, but also to compare the previous beam current waveform with the incoming beam current waveform. When there is an unintended change in the beam current, the DBCM now aborts the beam to prevent beam loss on the next pulse. This addition has proved to be crucial to allow beam during specific front-end problems. All data is saved when an abort is issued for post-mortem analy-sis. This paper describes the additions to the implementa-tion, our operational experience, and future plans for the differential beam current monitor.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP025  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP034 Beam Instrumentation Challenges for the Fermilab PIP-II Accelerator MEBT, emittance, laser, instrumentation 180
 
  • V.E. Scarpine, N. Eddy, D. Frolov, M.A. Ibrahim, L.R. Prost, R.M. Thurman-Keup
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359.
Fermilab is undertaking the development of a new 800 MeV superconducting RF linac to replace it’s present normal conducting 400 MeV linac. The PIP-II linac warm front-end consists of an ion source, LEBT, RFQ and MEBT which includes an arbitrary pattern bunch chopper, to generate a 2.1 MeV, 2mA H beam. This is followed immediately by a series of superconducting RF cryomodules to produce a 800 MeV beam. Commissioning, operate and safety present challenges to the beam instrumentation. This paper describes these beam instrumentation challenges and the choices made for PIP-II.
 
poster icon Poster MOPP034 [0.999 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP034  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 11 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP036 SPIRAL2 Diagnostic Qualifications with RFQ beams rfq, MEBT, emittance, diagnostics 189
 
  • C. Jamet, T. Andre, V. Langlois, T. Le Ster, G. Ledu, P. Legallois, S. Leloir, F. Lepoittevin, S. Loret, C. Potier de courcy, R.V. Revenko
    GANIL, Caen, France
 
  The SPIRAL2 accelerator, built on the GANIL’s facility, at CAEN in FRANCE is dedicated to accelerate light and heavy ion beams up to 5mA and 40 MeV. The continuous wave accelerator is based on two ECR ion sources, a RFQ and a superconducting LINAC. The beam commissioning of the RFQ finished at the end of 2018. This paper presents the Diagnostic-Plate installed behind the RFQ, with all associated accelerator diagnostics. Diagnostic monitors, measured beam parameters, results are described and analyzed. A brief presentation of the next steps is given.  
poster icon Poster MOPP036 [1.558 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP036  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP038 The Beam Diagnostics Test Bench for the Commissioning of the Proton Linac at FAIR proton, dipole, diagnostics, quadrupole 197
 
  • S. Udrea, P. Forck, C.M. Kleffner, K. Knie, T. Sieber
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  A dedicated proton injector for FAIR (the pLinac) is presently under construction at GSI Darmstadt. This accelerator is designed to deliver a beam current of up to 70 mA with a final energy of 68 MeV for the FAIR anti-proton program. For the commissioning of the pLinac a movable beam diagnostics test bench will be used to characterize the proton beam at different locations during the stepwise installation. The test bench will consist of all relevant types of diagnostic devices as BPM’s, ACCT’s, SEM grids, a slit-grid emittance device and a bunch shape monitor. Moreover, a magnetic spectrometer is supposed to measure the energy spread of the proton beam. Point-to-point imaging is foreseen to enable high energy resolution independently on the transverse emittance. Due to the limited space in the accelerator tunnel a special design must be chosen with the inclusion of quadrupole magnets. The present contribution gives an overall presentation of the test bench and its devices with a special emphasis on the magnetic spectrometer design.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP038  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP042 Beam Diagnostics for the Multi-MW High Energy Beam Transport Line of DONES diagnostics, target, radiation, beam-diagnostic 201
 
  • I. Podadera, A. Ibarra, D. Jiménez-Rey, J. Mollá, C. Oliver, R. Varela, V. Villamayor
    CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain
  • O. Nomen, D. Sánchez-Herranz
    IREC, Sant Adria del Besos, Spain
 
  Funding: Work carried out within the framework of the EUROfusion Consortium and funded from the Euratom research and training programme 2014-2018 and 2019-2020 under grant agreement No 633053.
In the frame of the material research for future fusion reactors, the construction of a simplified version of the IFMIF plant, the so-called DONES (Demo-Oriented Neutron Early Source), is under preparatory phase to allow materials testing with sufficient radiation damage for the new design of DEMO. The DONES accelerator system will deliver a deuteron beam at 40 MeV, 125 mA. The 5 MW beam will impact onto a lithium flow target to form an intense neutron source. One of the most critical tasks of the accelerator is the beam diagnostics along high energy beam transport, especially in the high radiation areas close to the lithium target. This instrumentation is essential to provide the relevant data for ensuring the high availability of the whole accelerator system, the beam characteristics and machine protection. Of outmost importance is the control of the beam characteristics impinging on the lithium curtain. Several challenging diagnostics are being designed and tested for that purpose. This contribution will report the present status of the design of the beam diagnostics, focusing on the high radiation areas of the high energy beam transport line.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP042  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 07 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP044 Status of the Faraday Cups for the ESS linac LEBT, DTL, proton, MEBT 206
 
  • E.M. Donegani, C.S. Derrez, T.J. Grandsaert, T.J. Shea
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • I. Bustinduy, A. Rodríguez Páramo
    ESS Bilbao, Zamudio, Spain
 
  The European Spallation Source (ESS) will be a 5 MW pulsed neutron source, relying on a 2 GeV linac delivering 2.86 ms long pulses with 14 Hz repetition rate. During the commissioning and the tuning phases of the ESS linac, four Faraday Cups (FC) serve as beam dumps and provide an absolute measurement of the proton beam current. This contribution summarizes the challenges in the design and production of all the FCs mainly requiring: - Thermo-mechanical analysis to keep heat load and mechanical stress below the mechanical limits; - Inclusion of an electron repeller to prevent the escape of secondary charged particles from the cup that would limit the accuracy of the current measurements; - Monte Carlo simulations to compute material activation, dose at contact and corresponding necessary shielding; - Design of high-resolution detection circuits for low current to fulfill the requirements on bandwidth, gain and noise. In addition, the performance of the LEBT FC during the commissioning of the ion source and LEBT is reported. The LEBT FC system is under continuous improvement and serves as benchmark for the protection from unwanted operation, and in case of actuator or cooling faults.  
poster icon Poster MOPP044 [1.121 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP044  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP048 Development of the Linac Extension Area 450-MeV Electron Test Beam Line at the Advanced Photon Source* electron, experiment, gun, laser 220
 
  • W. Berg, J.C. Dooling, S.H. Lee, Y. Sun, A. Zholents
    ANL, Lemont, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: *Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, under Contract No. DE-ACO2O6CH11357.
A low-emittance electron beam line for accelerator-based R&D hardware experimentation and study of novel accelerator techniques is under development at the injection linac of the Advanced Photon Source (APS). The Linac Extension Area (LEA) beam line will operate at the full 400 MeV energy of the APS linac. The electron beam is generated from a photo-cathode (PC) electron gun delivering 300 pC of charge with a 3 ps, rms bunch length and normalized beam emittance of ~ 1 micron. The bunch length can be compressed to 150 fs in a flexible chicane at a beam energy of 150 MeV. The APS linac contains an extensive set of conventional and advanced beam diagnostics including a recently commissioned s-band transverse deflecting cavity. The low-emittance electron beam is transported to an independent experimental tunnel enclosure that contains the LEA beam line. Implementing the LEA beam line separate from the APS injector complex allows for on-demand access to the area to perform work without interrupting beam operations of the APS. We discuss the overall scheme of the existing linac beam delivery & diagnostic systems, and report the design of the LEA beam line and initial planned experiments.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP048  
About • paper received ※ 05 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUAO02 Beam-Loss Detection for LCLS-II radiation, detector, gun, electron 230
 
  • A.S. Fisher, C.I. Clarke, B.T. Jacobson, R.A. Kadyrov, E. Rodriguez, L. Sapozhnikov, J.J. Welch
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  SLAC is now installing LCLS-II, a superconducting electron linac driven by continuous RF at 1.3 GHz. The 4-GeV, 120-kW beam has a maximum rate of nearly 1 MHz and can be switched pulse-by-pulse to either of two undulators, to generate hard and soft x rays. Two detector types measure beam losses. Point beam-loss monitors (PBLMs) set limits at critical loss points: septa, beam stoppers and dumps, halo collimators, protection collimators (which normally receive no loss), and zones with weak shielding. PBLMs are generally single-crystal diamond detectors, except at the gun, where a scintillator on a PMT is more sensitive to the low-energy (1 MeV) beam. Long beam-loss monitors (LBLMs) use 200-m lengths of radiation-hard optical fiber, each coupled to a PMT, to capture Cherenkov light from loss showers. LBLMs protect the entire 4-km path from gun to beam dump and locate loss points. In most regions two fibers provide redundancy and view the beam from different angles. Loss signals are integrated with a 500-ms time constant and compared to a threshold; if exceeded, the beam is stopped within 0.2 ms. We report on our extensive tests of the detectors and the front-end signal processing.  
slides icon Slides TUAO02 [4.268 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUAO02  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 07 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUAO04 Commissioning of the ARIEL E-LINAC Beam Loss Monitor System MMI, electron, dipole, target 239
 
  • M. Alcorta, A.D. D’Angelo, D. Dale, H. Hui, B. Humphries, S.R. Koscielniak, K. Langton, A. Lennarz, R.B. Nussbaumer, T. Planche, M. Rowe, S.D. Rädel
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  The commissioning of the Advanced Rare Isotope & Electron Linac (ARIEL) facility at TRIUMF is underway. The 30 MeV e-linac has successfully been commissioned to 100 W, and to further increase the power to 1 kW the beam loss monitor system (BLM) for fast Machine Protection must be fully operational. There are currently two types of BLMs employed in the e-linac; long-ionization chambers (LIC) and scintillators, consisting of a small BGO coupled to a PMT. A front-end beam loss monitor board was designed at TRIUMF to meet the strict requirements of the BLMs: a trip of the beam occurs on 100 nC in 100 ms of integrated beam loss, and the trip must occur in < 10 us. This contribution will report on the status of the 1 kW BLM system commissioning and will give an outlook as the power is increased to the full 300 kW.  
slides icon Slides TUAO04 [14.621 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUAO04  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 07 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUCO04 Longitudinal Phase Space Reconstruction for the Heavy Ion Accelerator HELIAC heavy-ion, cavity, emittance, proton 261
 
  • S. Lauber, K. Aulenbacher, W.A. Barth, C. Burandt, F.D. Dziuba, V. Gettmann, T. Kürzeder, J. List, M. Miski-Oglu
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher, W.A. Barth, C. Burandt, F.D. Dziuba, P. Forck, V. Gettmann, M. Heilmann, T. Kürzeder, S. Lauber, J. List, M. Miski-Oglu, A. Rubin, T. Sieber, S. Yaramyshev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher
    KPH, Mainz, Germany
  • F.D. Dziuba, S. Lauber, J. List
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
  • H. Podlech, M. Schwarz
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  At the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany, a prototype cryomodule (Advanced Demonstrator) for the superconducting (SC) continuous wave (CW) Helmholtz Linear Accelerator (HELIAC) is under construction. A transport line, comprising quadrupole lenses, rebuncher cavities, beam correctors and sufficient beam instrumentation has been built to deliver the beam from the GSI 1.4 MeV/u High Charge Injector (HLI) to the Advanced Demonstrator, which offers a test environment for SC CW multigap cavities. In order to achieve proper phase space matching, the beam from the HLI must be characterized in detail. In a dedicated machine experiment the bunch shape has been measured with a non destructive bunch shape monitor (BSM). The BSM offers a sufficient spatial resolution to use it for reconstruction of the energy spread. Therefore, different bunch projections were obtained by altering the voltage of two rebunchers. These measurements were combined with dedicated beam dynamics simulations using the particle tracking code Dynamion. The longitudinal bunch shape and density distribution at the beginning of the matching line could be fully characterized.  
slides icon Slides TUCO04 [1.810 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUCO04  
About • paper received ※ 30 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP008 Thermal Simulations of Optical Transition Radiation Targets target, radiation, emittance, simulation 292
 
  • J. Pforr, M. Arnold, N. Pietralla
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by DFG through GRK 2128
The recirculating electron linac S-DALINAC* provides beams with currents up to 20 µA and energies up to 130 MeV. It is planned to extend the beam diagnostics by adding multiple emittance measurement systems in order to investigate the emittance evolution along the beamline. The emittance measurement is based on the quadrupole scan technique and utilizes the existing quadrupoles and newly built optical transition radiation targets. As the targets are heated by the beam and destruction must be avoided, simulations of the thermal behaviour of the target were conducted. In particular, the dependence of the target temperature on the target design, but also variable parameters as beam spot size and current were investigated. This contribution will present these parameter studies.
* N. Pietralla, Nuclear Physics News, Vol. 28, No. 2, 4 (2018)
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP008  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP009 Determination of the Momentum Spread While Running in the ERL Mode at the S-DALINAC* electron, recirculation, quadrupole, radiation 295
 
  • F. Schließmann, M. Arnold, M. Dutine, N. Pietralla
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  Funding: *Work supported by DFG through GRK 2128 and BMBF through grant No. 05H18RDRB2
The recirculating superconducting electron accelerator S-DALINAC [1] at TU Darmstadt is capable to run as a onefold or twofold Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) with a maximum energy of approximately 34 or 68 MeV in ERL mode, respectively. After the final acceleration in ERL mode, the momentum spread at the intended interaction point has to be determined. In order to investigate that momentum spread, a nondestructive measurement method is necessary. For this reason, it is planned to expand the beam horizontally in a section close to the interaction point by providing a well-defined horizontal dispersion. Using a wire scanner in this section for measuring the horizontal profile of the electron distribution, one can determine the momentum spread. The method of determining the momentum spread using the horizontal dispersion and the design of the wire scanner will be presented in this contribution.
[1] N. Pietralla, Nuclear Physics News, Vol. 28, No. 2, 4 (2018).
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP009  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 07 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP019 Experimental Tests of Screen Materials for High-Precision Transverse Beam-Size Measurements at the SuperKEKB Injector Linac electron, experiment, quadrupole, emittance 335
 
  • F. Miyahara, K. Furukawa, M. Satoh, Y. Seimiya, T. Suwada
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The SuperKEKB injector linac is required to deliver low-emittance electron and positron beams. Wire scanners are employed to measure Twiss parameters and to adjust beam optics conditions. Screen monitors also play important roles for single-shot measurements. However, the beam size became more than 10-times smaller compared with that of the KEKB injection. Beam tests have been performed in order to evaluate materials for high-precision transverse beam-size measurements at the injector. The main purpose of the beam tests is to quantitatively investigate the saturation effect of each screen material for generating the scintillation light, which is strongly depending on the beam-charge density. Several scintillating screen materials including YAG:Ce, LYSO:Ce, BGO and aluminum ceramic have been tested with high energy and high charge-density electron beams. The results are compared with that obtained by the OTR measurement. The saturation of the luminescence was confirmed for all crystals and evaluated in the charge density of 0.5-1.5 nC/mm2. The cause of the saturation and the effect to the measurement are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP019  
About • paper received ※ 07 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEBO04 Enhancement of the S-DALINAC Control System with Machine Learning Methods network, target, controls, electron 473
 
  • J.H. Hanten, M. Arnold, J. Birkhan, C. Caliari, N. Pietralla, M. Steinhorst
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  Funding: *Work supported by DFG through GRK 2128
For the EPICS-based control system of the superconducting Darmstadt electron linear accelerator S-DALINAC**, supporting infrastructures based on machine learning are currently developed. The most important support for the operators is to assist the beam setup and controlling with reinforcement learning using artificial neural networks. A particle accelerator has a very large parameter space with often hidden relationships between them. Therefore neural networks are a suited instrument to use for approximating the needed value function which represents the value of a certain action in a certain state. Different neural network structures and their training with reinforcement learning are currently tested with simulations. Also there are different candidates for the reinforcement learning algorithms such as Deep-Q-Networks (DQN) or Deep-Deterministic-Policy-Gradient (DDPG). In this contribution the concept and first results will be presented.
**N. Pietralla, Nuclear Physics News, Vol. 28, No.2, 4 (2018)
 
slides icon Slides WEBO04 [2.073 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEBO04  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP001 Study and Characterization of SPIRAL2 BPMs simulation, electron, MEBT, electronics 491
 
  • V. Langlois, T. Andre, C. Jamet, G. Ledu, P. Legallois, S. Leloir, F. Lepoittevin, M. Lewitowicz, S. Loret, C. Potier de courcy
    GANIL, Caen, France
 
  The SPIRAL2 facility currently under commissioning at GANIL in France will deliver high-intensity up to 20MeV/n and 5mA light and heavy ions beams. SPIRAL2 beams are accelerated by a Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) and a LINAC fitted with 20 supraconducting cavities. A tuning of the SPIRAL2 LINAC relies mainly on Pick-up Beam Profile Monitors (BPM). 20 BPM are mounted inside the warm sections between superconducting cavities. They serve to measure a beam transverse position to center the beam, a phase to tune cavities and an ellipticity to adjust beam optics along the LINAC. The phase and ellipticity measurements require high acquisition accuracy of the BPM signals. This paper deals with an analytical study and CST code simulations of the BPM performed in order to compute correction coefficients for the ellipticity measurements. The results of calculations were compared with experimental ones obtained with two BPMs located on a ’diagnostic plate’ after the RFQ . Finally, the BPM acquisition chain was carefully characterized to identify its uncertainties and to ensure that it meets initial specifications.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP001  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP002 Development of a Low-beta BPM for MYRTE Project quadrupole, electron, electronics, site 496
 
  • M. Ben Abdillah, P. Blache, F. Fournier, H. Kraft
    IPN, Orsay, France
 
  MYRTE (MYRRHA Research Transmutation Endeavour) performs research to support the development of the MYRRHA (Multi-Purpose Hybrid Research Reactor for High-Tech Applications) research facility, which aims to demonstrate the feasibility of high-level nuclear waste transmutation at industrial scale. MYRRHA Facility aims to accelerate 4mA proton beam up to 100 MeV. The accurate tuning of LINAC is essential for the operation of MYRRHA and requires measurement of the beam transverse position and shape , the phase of the beam with respect to the radiofrequency voltage with the help of Beam Position Monitor (BPM) system. MYRTE aims to qualify beam operation at 1.5MeV. Two BPMs were realized for MYRTE operation. This paper addresses the design, realization, and calibration of these two BPMs and their associated electronics. The characterization of the beam shape is performed by means of a test bench allowing a position mapping with a resolution of 0.02mm.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP002  
About • paper received ※ 27 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP004 Concept of a Beam Diagnostics System for the Multi-Turn ERL Operation at the S-DALINAC cavity, operation, recirculation, impedance 505
 
  • M. Dutine, M. Arnold, T. Bahlo, R. Grewe, L.E. Jürgensen, N. Pietralla, F. Schließmann, M. Steinhorst
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by BMBF through grant No. 05H18RDRB2 and DFG through GRK 2128.
The S-DALINAC* is a thrice-recirculating linear electron accelerator operating in cw-mode at a frequency of 3 GHz. A path-length adjustment system in the second recirculation beam line allows to shift the beam phase by 360° and thus to operate in ERL mode. For the multi-turn ERL operation, the beam will be accelerated twice and subsequently decelerated twice again (not demonstrated yet). For this mode, it is necessary to develop a nondestructive beam diagnostics system in order to measure the beam position, phase and beam current of both, the accelerated and the decelerated beam, simultaneously in the same beamline. A particular challenge will be the operation at low beam currents of 100 nA, which corresponds to bunch charges of about 30 aC. The conceptional study of a 6 GHz resonant cavity beam position monitor will be presented together with alternative solutions.
* N. Pietralla, Nuclear Physics News, Vol. 28, No. 2, 4 (2018)
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP004  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP006 Operational Performance of New Detection Electronics for Stripline-Type Beam Position Monitors at the SuperKEKB Injector Linac quadrupole, emittance, operation, electron 514
 
  • F. Miyahara, K. Furukawa, M. Satoh, Y. Seimiya, T. Suwada
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  SuperKEKB injector linac delivers four different beam modes modulated pulse by pulse at 50 Hz, which have 100-times different beam charges, and a pulse may contain two bunches only 96-ns apart. Required low-emittance beams for SuperKEKB rings would need precise beam orbit controls in order to suppress the transverse wakefield in the accelerating structures. A new detection electronics with a wide dynamic range of 40 dB with a high resolution based on a 180-MHz narrow-band detection technique for stripline-type beam position monitors (BPMs) has been developed for the SuperKEKB injector linac. While such measurement condition is challenging, a position resolution of 3 micrometer in one standard deviation was successfully achieved with beam-based tests. The self-calibration system is also installed in order to compensate gain drifts for each input channel with an accuracy down to 0.1%, by using test pulses going through stripline heads between 50-Hz beam pulses. The design concept of the new detection electronics is described in detail, as well as operational performance of synchronized measurement with 100 BPMs for injection beams to four electron/positron storage rings.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP006  
About • paper received ※ 09 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 11 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP007 Calibration for Beam Energy Position Monitor System for Riken Superconducting Acceleration Cavity network, cyclotron, impedance, synchrotron 519
 
  • T. Watanabe, M. Fujimaki, N. Fukunishi, H. Imao, O. Kamigaito, N. Sakamoto, Y. Watanabe, K. Yamada
    RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Japan
  • K. Hanamura, T. Kawachi
    Mitsubishi Electric System & Service Co., Ltd, Tsukuba, Japan
  • A. Kamoshida
    National Instruments Japan Corporation, MInato-ku, Tokyo, Japan
  • R. Koyama
    SHI Accelerator Service Ltd., Tokyo, Japan
  • A. Miura
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • T. Miyao, T. Toyama
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Upgrades for the RIKEN Heavy-ion Linac (RILAC) involving a new Superconducting Linac (SRILAC) are currently underway to promote super-heavy element searches and Radio Isotope (RI) production (211At) for medical use at the RIKEN radioactive isotope beam factory (RIBF). If destructive monitors are used, since they generate outgassing, it becomes difficult to maintain the Q value and surface resistance indicating the performance of the superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities over a long period of time. Therefore it is crucially important to develop nondestructive beam measurement diagnostics. We have developed a beam energy position monitor (BEPM) system which can measure not only the beam position but also the beam energy simultaneously by measuring the time of flight of the beam. By using parabolic cut, ideal linear response of the quadrupole moments is realized, keeping a good linear position sensitivity at the same time. We fabricated 11 BEPMs and the position calibration system employing a wire method has been used to obtain the sensitivity and offset of BEPMs. We will describe details concerning the BEPM, calibration system and measured results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP007  
About • paper received ※ 05 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP015 ESS Beam Position and Phase Monitor System electronics, electron, FPGA, MEBT 536
 
  • R.A. Baron, H. Hassanzadegan, A. Jansson, H. Kocevar, K.E. Rosengren, T.J. Shea
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • I. Bustinduy, S. Varnasseri
    ESS Bilbao, Zamudio, Spain
  • F. Grespan, M. Poggi
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • T. Gräber
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
  • D. Lipka, S. Vilcins
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  The European Spallation Source (ESS) is a neutron facility under construction in Lund, Sweden, and established as an European collaboration between different member countries. The machine is a 2 GeV proton LINAC with a nominal beam current of 62.5 mA, 2.86 ms of pulse length and a bunch repetition rate of 352 MHz. The Beam Position and Phase Monitors (BPM) at ESS were designed to satisfy the specifications for the different beam modes, which span from 5 µs pulse length and 6.3 mA beam until the nominal beam condition. The system is designed for standard beam position measurements for beam trajectory correction and for beam phase measurements for cavity phase tuning, imposing restrictions on the sensor design and electronics architecture. Approximately a hundred BPM’s were manufactured and are being installed by partners in collaboration with ESS. The BPM system comprises a MicroTCA.4 electronics based in COTS AMC and RTM modules with custom FPGA firmware implementation and a custom Front-End electronics. In this work, the system architecture, implementation, performance, and test results are presented and discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP015  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP017 Current Monitor and Beam Position Monitor Performance for High Charge Operation of the Advanced Photon Source Particle Accumulator Ring injection, electron, electronics, extraction 545
 
  • A.R. Brill, J.R. Calvey, K.C. Harkay, R.T. Keane, N. Sereno, U. Wienands, K.P. Wootton, C. Yao
    ANL, Lemont, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
A design choice for the Advanced Photon Source Upgrade to inject into the storage ring using bunch swap out rather than off-axis accumulation means that the Advanced Photon Source injectors are required to accelerate much higher electron bunch charge than originally designed. In the present work, we outline upgrades to the current monitor and beam position monitor diagnostics for the Particle Accumulator Ring to accommodate bunch charges of 1-20 nC. Through experiments, we compare and characterize the system responses over the range of bunch charge.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP017  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP020 First results on Femtosecond Level Photocathode Laser Synchronization at the SINBAD Facility laser, timing, electron, controls 557
 
  • M. Titberidze, M. Felber, T. Kozak, T. Lamb, J. Müller, H. Schlarb, S. Schulz, C. Sydlo, F. Zummack
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  SINBAD, the "short-innovative bunches and accelerators at DESY" is an accelerator research and development facility which will host various experiments. SINBAD-ARES linac is a conventional S-band linear accelerator which will be capable of producing ultra-short electron bunches with duration of few femtoseconds and energy of up to 100 MeV. In order to fully utilize the potential of ultra-short electron bunches while probing the novel acceleration techniques (e.g. external injection in LWFA), it is crucial to achieve femtosecond level synchronization between photocathode laser and RF source driving the RF gun of the ARES linac. In this paper we present the first results on the synchronization of the near-infrared photocathode laser to the RF source with the residual timing jitter performance of ~10 fs rms. These results were obtained using a conventional laser-to-RF synchronization setup employing heterodyne detection of an RF signal generated by impinging the laser pulses to a fast photodetector. In addition, we describe an advanced laser-to-RF phase detection scheme as a future upgrade; promising even lower timing jitter and most importantly the long-term timing drift stability.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP020  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP025 A Transverse Deflecting Cavity Prototype for the MAX IV LINAC simulation, vacuum, polarization, gun 568
 
  • D. Olsson, A. Bjermo, L. Christiansson, J. Lundh, D. Lundström, E. Mansten, M. Nilsson, E. Paju, L.K. Roslund, K. Åhnberg
    MAX IV Laboratory, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
 
  The MAX IV LINAC operates both as a full-energy injector for two electron storage rings, and as a driver for a Short Pulse Facility (SPF). There are also plans to build Soft X-ray Laser (SXL) beamlines at the end of the existing LINAC. For SPF and SXL operation, it is important to characterize beam parameters such as bunch profile, slice energy spread and slice emittance. For these measurements, two 3 m long transverse deflecting RF structures are being developed. The structures are operating at S-band, and it is possible to adjust the polarization of the deflecting fields. In order to verify the RF concept, a short 9-cell prototype was constructed. The measurements results of the prototype are presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP025  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP026 Electron Bunch Compression Monitors for Short Bunches - Commissioning Results from SwissFEL electron, FEL, detector, radiation 571
 
  • F. Frei, R. Ischebeck
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
 
  In SwissFEL, by using three magnetic chicanes, 3ps long electron bunches can by compressed by a factor of more than 100 down to a few fs in order to generate ultra short X-ray pulses. In order to meet the envisaged beam performance, noninvasive longitudinal diagnostic after each compression stage is essential. These bunch compression monitors measure relative bunch length changes on a shot-to-shot basis by detecting coherent edge, synchrotron or diffraction radiation emitted by the electron bunches. While after the first two magnetic chicanes, a wide spectral part is integrated on a single broadband detector, an infrared spectrometer installed after the third magnetic chicane is providing more detailed information. Here, we will mainly report on commissioning results of the third bunch compression monitor for electron bunches of a few fs.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP026  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP028 Laser Compton Backscattering Source for Beam Diagnostics at the S-DALINAC electron, photon, laser, scattering 575
 
  • M.G. Meier, M. Arnold, J. Enders, N. Pietralla, M. Roth
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • V. Bagnoud
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  Funding: Supported in part through the state of Hesse (LOEWE research cluster Nuclear Photonics) and DFG through GRK 2128 ’AccelencE’.
The Superconducting DArmstadt electron LINear ACcelerator S-DALINAC is a thrice-recirculating linac* providing electron beams with energies up to 130 MeV and beam currents up to 20 ’A for a variety of nuclear physics experiments**. It has been operated as Germany’s first energy-recovery linac (ERL) in 2017***. The electron beam is produced either in a thermionic gun or a DC photo-gun using GaAs as cathode material****. A new project foresees to use the S-DALINAC for Laser Compton Backscattering (LCB) to produce a monochromatic high-energy photon beam for nuclear photonics applications in photonuclear reactions and atomics physics experiments. Besides this LCB will be used as an additional diagnostic tool for determining electron beam energy and the energy spread at the third recirculation of the S-DALINAC, when the maximum reachable energy at this point (98.8 MeV) yields a scattered photon energy of 179.7 keV. An overview over the desired laser system for LCB at the S-DALINAC will be given, and simulations for the layout and the estimated output of the Compton-backscattering light source will be presented.
*M. Arnold, Diss., TU Darmstadt (2017)
**N. Pietralla, Nucl. Phys. News 28(2), 4(2018)
***M. Arnold et al., Proc. IPAC’18(4859), 9(2018)
****Y. Poltoratska et al., J.Phys.: Conf. S. 298, 012002(2011)
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP028  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 11 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP031 Long Beam Pulse Extraction by the Laser Charge Exchange Method Using the 3-MeV Linac in J-Parc laser, proton, experiment, extraction 589
 
  • H. Takei, K. Hirano, S.I. Meigo
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • K. Tsutsumi
    Nippon Advanced Technology Co., Ltd., Tokai, Japan
 
  The Accelerator-driven System (ADS) is one of the candidates for transmuting long-lived nuclides, such as minor actinide (MA), produced by nuclear reactors. For efficient transmutation of the MA, a precise pre-diction of neutronics of ADS is required. In order to obtain the neutronics data for the ADS, the Japan Pro-ton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has a plan to build the Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P), in which a 400-MeV negative proton (H) beam will be delivered from the J-PARC linac. Since the TEF-P requires a stable proton beam with a power of less than 10 W, a stable and meticulous beam extraction method is required to extract a small amount of the proton beam from the high power beam of 250 kW. To fulfil this requirement, the Laser Charge Exchange (LCE) method has been developed. To demonstrate the long beam pulse extraction using the bright continuous laser beam with a power of 196 W, we installed the LCE device at the end of a 3-MeV linac. As a result of the experiment, a charge-exchanged proton beam with a power of 0.67 W equivalent was obtained under the J-PARC linac beam condition, and this value agreed well with the theoretical value.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP031  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP045 Development of an Automated BPM Test Bench controls, instrumentation, diagnostics, software 649
 
  • M. Schwarz, H. Podlech
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • H. Höltermann, B. Koubek, U. Ratzinger, W. Schweizer, D. Strehl, C. Trageser
    BEVATECH, Frankfurt, Germany
 
  The Institute for Applied Physics (IAP) of Goethe University Frankfurt has a long history in developing DTL-cavities and further essential components of particle accelerators from design and simulation up to tuning and final testing. In recent times, the development of beam diagnostic components for the hadron accelerator projects has become increasingly important. Bevatech is designing and setting up linear accelerators, RF and vacuum technology for research laboratories and enterprises worldwide. In a joint effort a simple, efficient and mobile beam position monitor (BPM) test bench has been developed and will be further improved for future tests and the calibration of beam position monitors. It is fully automated using single-board computers and microcontrollers to obtain the essential calibration data like electrical offset, button sensitivity and the 2D response map. In addition, initial tests with the implementation and evaluation of the Libera signal processing units Single Pass H and Spark were promising.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP045  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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THBO01 Machine Learning-Based Longitudinal Phase Space Prediction of Two-Bunch Operation at FACET-II diagnostics, simulation, operation, experiment 678
 
  • C. Emma, A.L. Edelen, M.J. Hogan, B.D. O’Shea, V. Yakimenko
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • A. Hanuka
    Technion, Haifa, Israel
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DEAC02-76SF00515
We report on the application of machine learning (ML) methods for predicting the longitudinal phase space (LPS) distribution of particle accelerators. Our approach consists of training a ML-based virtual diagnostic to predict the LPS using only nondestructive linac and e-beam measurements as inputs. We validate this approach with a simulation study for the FACET-II linac and with an experimental demonstration conducted at LCLS. At LCLS, the e-beam LPS images are obtained with a transverse deflecting cavity and used as training data for our ML model. In both the FACET-II and LCLS cases we find good agreement between the predicted and simulated/measured LPS profiles, an important step towards showing the feasibility of implementing such a virtual diagnostic on particle accelerators in the future.
References:
* C. Emma, A. Edelen, M. J. Hogan, B. O’Shea, G. White, and V. Yakimenko., PRAB 21, 112802 (2018)
** A. Scheinker, A. Edelen, D. Bohler, C. Emma, A. Lutman., PRL 121, 044801 (2018)
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-THBO01  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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