Keyword: proton
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MOBO02 Beam Instrumentation at the Fermilab IOTA Ring electron, MMI, experiment, controls 21
 
  • N. Eddy, D.R. Broemmelsiek, K. Carlson, D.J. Crawford, J.S. Diamond, D.R. Edstrom, B.J. Fellenz, M.A. Ibrahim, J.D. Jarvis, V.A. Lebedev, S. Nagaitsev, J. Ruan, J.K. Santucci, A. Semenov, V.D. Shiltsev, G. Stancari, A. Valishev, D.C. Voy, A. Warner
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • N. Kuklev, I. Lobach
    University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • S. Szustkowski
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics.
The Integrable Optics Test Accelerator (IOTA) is a storage ring at the end of the Fermilab Accelerator Science and Technology (FAST) facility. The complex is intended to support accelerator R&D for the next generation of particle accelerators. The IOTA ring is currently operating with 150 MeV electrons injected from the FAST Linac and will also receive 2.5 MeV protons from the IOTA Proon Injector currently be installed. The current instrumentation and results along from the first electron commissioning run will be presented along with future plans.
 
slides icon Slides MOBO02 [47.588 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOBO02  
About • paper received ※ 09 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOBO04 Characterization and First Beam Loss Detection with One ESS-nBLM System Detector neutron, detector, linac, operation 28
 
  • L. Segui, H. Alves, S. Aune, J. Beltramelli, Q. Bertrand, M. Combet, M. Kebbiri, Ph. Legou, O. Maillard, A. Marcel, T. Papaevangelou
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • A. Dano-Daguze, D. Desforge, F. Gougnaud, T.J. Joannem, C. Lahonde-Hamdoun, P. Le Bourlout, Y. Mariette, J. Marroncle, V. Nadot, G. Tsiledakis
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  • I. Dolenc Kittelmann, T.J. Shea
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
 
  The monitoring of losses is crucial in any accelerator. In the new high intensity hadron facilities even low energy beam can damage or activate the materials so the detection of small losses in this region is very important. A new type of neutron beam loss monitor has been developed specifically targeting this region, where only neutrons and photons can be produced and where typical BLM, based on charged particle detection, could not be appropriate because of the photon background due to the RF cavities. The BLM proposed is based on gaseous Micromegas detectors, designed to be sensitive to fast neutrons and with little sensitivity to photons. Development of the detectors presented here has been done to fulfil the requirements of ESS and they will be part of the ESS-BI systems. The detector has been presented in previous editions of the conference. Here we focus on the neutron/gamma rejection with the final FEE and in the first operation of one of the modules in a beam during the commissioning of LINAC4 (CERN) with the detection of provoked losses and their clear separation from RF gammas. The ESS-nBLM system is presented in this conference in a separate contribution.  
slides icon Slides MOBO04 [7.609 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOBO04  
About • paper received ※ 05 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOCO02 Development of a Passive Cavity Beam Intensity Monitor for Pulsed Proton Beams for Medical Applications cavity, linac, booster, simulation 40
 
  • P. Nenzi, A. Ampollini, G. Bazzano, F. Cardelli, L. Picardi, L. Piersanti, C. Ronsivalle, V. Surrenti, E. Trinca
    ENEA C.R. Frascati, Frascati (Roma), Italy
 
  Funding: This work has been funded by the Innovation Department of Regione Lazio Government, Italy.
In this work the design of a passive cavity beam intensity monitor to be used in the TOP-IMPLART medical proton linac for the on-line measurement of beam current is presented. It will be used to monitor the beam between modules and at the linac exit. TOP-IMPLART produces a pulsed proton beam with 3 us duration at 200 Hz repetition rate with a current between 0.1 uA and 50 uA. The current required for medical applications is less than 1 uA and has to be known with an accuracy better than 5%. Large dynamic range and space constraints make the use of usual non-interceptive beam diagnostics unfeasible. The proposed system consists of a resonant cavity working in the TM010 mode, generating an electromagnetic field when the beam enters the cavity; a magnetic pickup senses an RF pulse whose amplitude is proportional to the current. The RF pulse is amplified and subsequently detected with zero-biased Schottky diodes. The cavity operates in vacuum when used in the inter-module space. The work reports also the results of preliminary measurements done on an copper prototype in air at the exit of the TOP-IMPLART linac to test the sensitivity of the system on the actual 35 MeV proton beam.
 
slides icon Slides MOCO02 [3.269 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOCO02  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP004 Development and Calibration of a Multi-Leaf Faraday Cup for the Determination of the Beam Energy of a 50 MeV Electron LINAC in Real-Time electron, detector, radiation, linac 66
 
  • C. Makowski, A. Schüller
    PTB, Braunschweig, Germany
 
  The Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Germany’s national primary standard laboratory, operates an electron LINAC with variable energy (0.5 - 50 MeV). All parameters of the LINAC which influence the RF power (as e.g. the high voltage at modulator) as well as the number of charged particles in a bunch to be accelerated (as e.g. via gun emission) also change the beam energy. To measure the energy during the preparation or optimization of a beam, a Multi-Leaf Faraday Cup (MLFC) was developed. This MLFC allows the measurement of energy and pulse charge in real time, so the influence of the manipulated variables on energy and beam power can be immediately assessed. The MLFC consists of 128 electrically isolated Al plates where the thickness of the entire stack is sufficient to stop a 50 MeV electron beam. After each beam pulse, the charge collected by the Al plates is recorded sequentially. The MLFC was calibrated with monoenergetic electron beams at output of a magnetic spectrometer. Then the MLFC was installed at the end of the accelerator structure. From the recorded charge distributions, the corresponding energy is determined in real time and displayed for each beam pulse.  
poster icon Poster MOPP004 [3.739 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP004  
About • paper received ※ 30 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP006 Commissioning of the Beam Loss Monitoring system for the HADES beam-line at GSI detector, operation, simulation, heavy-ion 73
 
  • P. Boutachkov, S. Damjanovic, M. Sapinski, B. Walasek-Höhne
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  The High Acceptance Di-Electron Spectrometer experiments at GSI (HADES) require high-intensity heavy ion beams. Monitoring and minimization of the beam losses are critical for the operation at the desired beam intensities. FAIR-type Beam Loss Monitor (BLM) system based on sixteen plastic scintillator detectors is installed along the beam line from the SIS-18 synchrotron to the experiment location. The detectors are used in counting mode, with maximum counting rate of order of 20 MHz. The system has been commissioned during the 2018 beam time. Details on the detector setup, its calibration procedure and how it can be used for quantitative beam loss determination are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP006  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP011 A Dual Functional Current Monitor for Stripping Efficiency Measurement in CSNS electronics, electron, injection, operation 95
 
  • W.L. Huang, F. Li, R.Y. Qiu, A.X. Wang
    IHEP CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
  • M.Y. Huang, M.Y. Liu, T.G. Xu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: This work is supported by National Natural Science Fund(No.11605214).
China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS), the biggest platform for neutron scattering research in China, has been finished construction and already in user operation stage by the end of 2017. During the multi-turn charge-exchange injection, H stripping by a carbon primary stripper foil (100 ’g/cm2) and a secondary stripper foil (200 ’g/cm2) is adopted for this high intensity proton synchrotron. In order to evaluate the stripping efficiency and the foil aging, a dual-function low noise current transformer and corresponding electronics are designed to measure the ultra-low intensity of H and H0, which are not stripped completely by the 1st foil but totally stripped charge changing to H+ and delivered to the IN-DUMP. The self-designed CT sensors made of domestic nanocrystalline toroids, the noise analysis and elimination, measurement results and further improvement proposals are presented in this paper.
 
poster icon Poster MOPP011 [3.186 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP011  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP012 Development of Compact Ionization Chambers for Particle Therapy Facilities electronics, electron, radiation, high-voltage 99
 
  • M. Liu, C.X. Yin
    SSRF, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
 
  Dose monitors and position monitors are critical equipment for particle therapy facilities. Performance of the monitors affects precision of irradiation dose and dose distribution. Parallel plate ionization chambers with free air are adopted for dose monitors and position monitors. Radiation-hardened front-end electronics are integrated in the chambers, and the output of the chambers are digital signals. The structure of the monitors is compact, modularized and easy-to-use. The ionization chambers are implemented successfully in Shanghai Advanced Proton Therapy Facility. The development details and implementation status are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP012  
About • paper received ※ 02 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP014 Design of the ESS MEBT Faraday Cup electron, radiation, MEBT, operation 105
 
  • A. Rodríguez Páramo, I. Bustinduy, I. Mazkiaran, R. Miracoli, V. Toyos, S. Varnasseri, D. de Cos, C. de la Cruz
    ESS Bilbao, Zamudio, Spain
  • E.M. Donegani, J.P.S. Martins
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
 
  The European Spallation Source (ESS) is currently under construction and the Medium Energy Beam Transfer (MEBT) is developed by ESS-Bilbao as an in-kind contribution. In the MEBT a set of diagnostics is included for beam characterization, among them the MEBT Faraday Cup is used to measure beam current and as a beam stopper for the commissioning modes. The main challenges for the design and manufacturing of the Faraday Cup are the high irradiation loads and the necessity of a compact design due to the space constraints in the MEBT. We describe the design of the FC, characterized by a graphite collector, required to withstand irradiation, and a repeller for suppression of secondary electrons. For the operation of the Faraday Cup acquisition electronics and control system are developed, all systems have been integrated in the ESS-Bilbao ECR ion source to test operation under beam conditions. In this work, we discuss the design of the Faraday Cup, the results of the tests and how they agree with the expected performance of the Faraday Cup.  
poster icon Poster MOPP014 [1.786 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP014  
About • paper received ※ 02 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP033 Preliminary Design of Mu2E Spill Regulation System (SRS) controls, extraction, FPGA, LLRF 176
 
  • M.A. Ibrahim, E. Cullerton, J.S. Diamond, K.S. Martin, P.S. Prieto, V.E. Scarpine, P. Varghese
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359.
Direct µ->e conversion requires resonant extraction of a stream of pulsed beam, comprised of short micro-bunches (pulses) from the Delivery ring (DR) to the Mu2e target. Experimental needs and radiation protection apply strict requirements on the beam quality control and regulation of the spill. The objective of the Spill Regulation System (SRS) is to maintain the intensity uniformity of a stream of ~25K pulses as 1012 protons are extracted at 590.08kHz over a 43msec spill period. To meet the specified performance, two regulation elements will be driven simultaneously: a family of three zero-harmonic quadrupoles (tune ramp quads) and a RF Knock-Out (RFKO) system. The SRS will use two separate control loops to control each regulation element simultaneously. It will be critical to coordinate the SRS’ processes within the machine cycle and within each spill interval. The SRS has been designed to have a total Gain-Bandwidth product of 10KHz, which can be used to mitigate several sources of ripple in the spill profile.
 
poster icon Poster MOPP033 [0.522 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP033  
About • paper received ※ 30 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP037 Status of Beam Instrumentation for FAIR HEBT diagnostics, detector, electron, antiproton 194
 
  • M. Schwickert, P. Boutachkov, T. Hoffmann, H. Reeg, A. Reiter, B. Walasek-Höhne
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  At present the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) is under construction at the GSI site. As part of the FAIR project the beamlines of the High Energy Beam Transport (HEBT) section interconnect the synchrotrons, storage rings and experimental caves. The large range of beam energies (MeV to GeV) and beam intensities up to 1012 particles per pulse for uranium, or up to 2·1013 particles per pulse for protons, demand in many cases for purpose-built beam diagnostic devices. Presently, the main diagnostic components are being manufactured by international in-kind partners in close collaboration with GSI. This contribution presents an overview of the beam instrumentation layout of the FAIR HEBT and summa-rizes the present status of developments for HEBT beam diagnostics. We focus on the status of the foreseen beam current transformers, particle detectors, scintillating screens and profile grids.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP037  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 07 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP038 The Beam Diagnostics Test Bench for the Commissioning of the Proton Linac at FAIR linac, dipole, diagnostics, quadrupole 197
 
  • S. Udrea, P. Forck, C.M. Kleffner, K. Knie, T. Sieber
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  A dedicated proton injector for FAIR (the pLinac) is presently under construction at GSI Darmstadt. This accelerator is designed to deliver a beam current of up to 70 mA with a final energy of 68 MeV for the FAIR anti-proton program. For the commissioning of the pLinac a movable beam diagnostics test bench will be used to characterize the proton beam at different locations during the stepwise installation. The test bench will consist of all relevant types of diagnostic devices as BPM’s, ACCT’s, SEM grids, a slit-grid emittance device and a bunch shape monitor. Moreover, a magnetic spectrometer is supposed to measure the energy spread of the proton beam. Point-to-point imaging is foreseen to enable high energy resolution independently on the transverse emittance. Due to the limited space in the accelerator tunnel a special design must be chosen with the inclusion of quadrupole magnets. The present contribution gives an overall presentation of the test bench and its devices with a special emphasis on the magnetic spectrometer design.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP038  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP044 Status of the Faraday Cups for the ESS linac LEBT, DTL, MEBT, linac 206
 
  • E.M. Donegani, C.S. Derrez, T.J. Grandsaert, T.J. Shea
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • I. Bustinduy, A. Rodríguez Páramo
    ESS Bilbao, Zamudio, Spain
 
  The European Spallation Source (ESS) will be a 5 MW pulsed neutron source, relying on a 2 GeV linac delivering 2.86 ms long pulses with 14 Hz repetition rate. During the commissioning and the tuning phases of the ESS linac, four Faraday Cups (FC) serve as beam dumps and provide an absolute measurement of the proton beam current. This contribution summarizes the challenges in the design and production of all the FCs mainly requiring: - Thermo-mechanical analysis to keep heat load and mechanical stress below the mechanical limits; - Inclusion of an electron repeller to prevent the escape of secondary charged particles from the cup that would limit the accuracy of the current measurements; - Monte Carlo simulations to compute material activation, dose at contact and corresponding necessary shielding; - Design of high-resolution detection circuits for low current to fulfill the requirements on bandwidth, gain and noise. In addition, the performance of the LEBT FC during the commissioning of the ion source and LEBT is reported. The LEBT FC system is under continuous improvement and serves as benchmark for the protection from unwanted operation, and in case of actuator or cooling faults.  
poster icon Poster MOPP044 [1.121 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP044  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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MOPP047 Design and Development of Beam Diagnostics for an FFA-FFA Ring for ISIS-II Upgrade Studies vacuum, detector, simulation, GUI 215
 
  • E. Yamakawa
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • S. Machida, A. Pertica, C.C. Wilcox
    STFC/RAL/ISIS, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
 
  The ISIS-II project aims to deliver a new spallation neu- tron source by 2034, driven by a 1.2 GeV proton accelerator capable of delivering a beam power of 1.25 MW with a rep- etition rate of 50 Hz or higher. One of the options for this future accelerator is a Fixed Field alternating gradient Accelerator (FFA). To demonstrate the suitability of FFAs for use in a user facility such as ISIS, there is a plan to construct a smaller scale proof of concept machine: FETS-FFA. Developing beam diagnostics for the FETS-FFA ring presents a challenge due to a large orbit excursion and aperture ( 60 mm x 700 mm). Diagnostics must cover the full size of beam chamber whilst still providing measurement sensitivity and resolution comparable to that seen in the ISIS synchrotron. This paper presents the current design and development of beam diagnostics for the FETS-FFA ring, including finite element studies of Beam Position Monitors (BPMs) and Ionisation Profile Monitors (IPMs).  
poster icon Poster MOPP047 [9.355 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP047  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 07 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUAO01 Beam Diagnostics for Studying Beam Losses in the LHC detector, beam-losses, collimation, diagnostics 223
 
  • B. Salvachua
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  The LHC is well covered in terms of beam loss instrumentation. Close to 4000 ionisation chambers are installed to measure global beam losses all around the LHC ring, and diamond detectors are placed at specific locations to measure bunch-by-bunch losses. Combining the information of these loss detectors with that from additional instrumentation, such as current transformers, allows for enhanced understanding and control of losses. This includes a fast and reliable beam lifetime calculation, the identification of the main origin of the loss (horizontal or vertical betatron motion or off-momentum), or a feedback to perform controlled off-momentum loss maps to validate the settings of the collimation system. This paper describes the diagnostic possibilities that open up when such measurements from several systems are combined.
This is proposed as an Invited presentation from CERN Beam Instrumentation Group.
 
slides icon Slides TUAO01 [9.161 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUAO01  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUBO03 Challenges in Continuous Beam Profile Monitoring for MW-Power Proton Beams target, extraction, monitoring, experiment 247
 
  • M.L. Friend
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Continuous beam profile monitoring of the high-power proton beam is essential for protection of beamline equipment, as well as for producing high-quality physics results, in fixed-target extraction beamlines. Challenges in continuous profile monitoring include degradation of materials after long-term exposure to the proton beam, as well as beam loss due to that material intercepting the beam, which can additionally cause activation of nearby equipment. An overview of various profile monitoring techniques used in high-power neutrino extraction beamlines, issues faced so far at beam powers up to several hundred kW, and some possible future profile monitoring solutions for MW-class beamlines will be shown.  
slides icon Slides TUBO03 [13.146 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUBO03  
About • paper received ※ 09 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 11 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUBO04 Measuring the Beam Profile by Counting Ionization Electrons electron, detector, simulation, injection 252
 
  • H.S. Sandberg, W. Bertsche
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • D. Bodart, B. Dehning, S. Levasseur, H.S. Sandberg, G. Schneider, J.W. Storey, R. Veness
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • S.M. Gibson
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • K. Satou
    J-PARC, KEK & JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
 
  The principle of non-destructive beam profile measurement with rest gas ionization electrons has remained largely unchanged since the technique was first proposed in the late 1960’s. Ionization electrons (or ions) are transported by an electrostatic field onto an imaging detector, where the spatial distribution of detected electrons is a direct measure of the transverse beam profile. The detector typically consists of one or more Micro-Channel Plates (MCP’s) to amplify the signal, followed by either a phosphor screen and camera, or pickup electrodes. A long-standing problem is the ageing of the MCP’s, which limits the accuracy of the beam profile measurement. A new technique to detect ionization electrons has been developed at CERN, which uses a hybrid pixel detector to detect single ionisation electrons. This allows the application of counting statistics to the beam profile measurement. It will be shown that a meaningful beam profile can be extracted from only 100 electrons. Results from the new instrument will be presented, which demonstrate the ability to measure the beam profile of single bunches turn-by-turn, which offers new opportunities for beam diagnostic insights.  
slides icon Slides TUBO04 [2.199 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUBO04  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUCO04 Longitudinal Phase Space Reconstruction for the Heavy Ion Accelerator HELIAC heavy-ion, cavity, linac, emittance 261
 
  • S. Lauber, K. Aulenbacher, W.A. Barth, C. Burandt, F.D. Dziuba, V. Gettmann, T. Kürzeder, J. List, M. Miski-Oglu
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher, W.A. Barth, C. Burandt, F.D. Dziuba, P. Forck, V. Gettmann, M. Heilmann, T. Kürzeder, S. Lauber, J. List, M. Miski-Oglu, A. Rubin, T. Sieber, S. Yaramyshev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher
    KPH, Mainz, Germany
  • F.D. Dziuba, S. Lauber, J. List
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
  • H. Podlech, M. Schwarz
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  At the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany, a prototype cryomodule (Advanced Demonstrator) for the superconducting (SC) continuous wave (CW) Helmholtz Linear Accelerator (HELIAC) is under construction. A transport line, comprising quadrupole lenses, rebuncher cavities, beam correctors and sufficient beam instrumentation has been built to deliver the beam from the GSI 1.4 MeV/u High Charge Injector (HLI) to the Advanced Demonstrator, which offers a test environment for SC CW multigap cavities. In order to achieve proper phase space matching, the beam from the HLI must be characterized in detail. In a dedicated machine experiment the bunch shape has been measured with a non destructive bunch shape monitor (BSM). The BSM offers a sufficient spatial resolution to use it for reconstruction of the energy spread. Therefore, different bunch projections were obtained by altering the voltage of two rebunchers. These measurements were combined with dedicated beam dynamics simulations using the particle tracking code Dynamion. The longitudinal bunch shape and density distribution at the beginning of the matching line could be fully characterized.  
slides icon Slides TUCO04 [1.810 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUCO04  
About • paper received ※ 30 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP006 Transverse Emittance Measurement of a 2.5 MeV Proton Beam on LIPAc, IFMIF’s Prototype emittance, electron, MMI, rfq 283
 
  • J. Marroncle, P. Abbon, B. Bolzon, T. Chaminade, N. Chauvin, S. Chel, J.F. Denis, A. Gaget
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  • T. Akagi, K. Kondo, M. Sugimoto
    QST, Aomori, Japan
  • L. Bellan, M. Comunian, E. Fagotti, F. Grespan, A. Pisent, F. Scantamburlo
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • P. Cara
    IFMIF/EVEDA, Rokkasho, Japan
  • H. Dzitko, D. Gex, A. Jokinen
    F4E, Germany
  • J.M. García, D. Jiménez-Rey, A. Ros, V. Villamayor
    CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain
  • A. Rodríguez Páramo
    ESS Bilbao, Zamudio, Spain
 
  IFMIF (International Fusion Materials Irradiation Fa-cility) is an accelerator-driven neutron source aiming at testing fusion reactor materials. Under the Broader Ap-proach Agreement, a 125 mA / 9 MeV CW deuteron accelerator called LIPAc (Linear IFMIF Prototype Accel-erator) is currently under installation and commissioning at Rokkasho, Japan, to validate the IFMIF accelerator. During the beam commissioning at 5 MeV which started in June 2018, the horizontal and vertical transverse emit-tance of a 2.5 MeV proton beam have been measured downstream of the RFQ for different machine configura-tions. Such measurements were done with an emittance measurement unit composed of slits defining a beamlet of 200 µm width, then of steerers and finally of a SEM grids monitor. In this paper, the process and the system are first described. The secondary electron emission of SEM-Grid wires is then estimated based on measure-ments and results are close to the usual rule of thumb. Finally, emittance measurements are presented and comparisons with beam dynamics simulations show good agreement.  
poster icon Poster TUPP006 [1.974 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP006  
About • paper received ※ 02 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP016 Beam Profile Monitors for the CNAO Experimental Line detector, experiment, electron, controls 323
 
  • C. Viviani, G.M.A. Calvi, L. Lanzavecchia, M. Manzini, A. Parravicini, E. Rojatti
    CNAO Foundation, Milan, Italy
 
  The CNAO (Centro Nazionale di Adroterapia Oncologica) Foundation is the first Italian center for deep hadrontherapy. Since 2011, more than 2000 patients have been treated using Protons and Carbon ions. During the last 3 years an experimental line for research purposes has been built. The experimental line is equipped with three Scintillating Fibers with Photodiode array (SFP) detectors. The SFP is a profile and position monitor, whose sensitive part is made up of two harps of scintillating fibers. Each fiber is readout by a cell of a photodiode array. The SFP has been developed from the Scintillating Fibers Harp (SFH) detector, the monitor presently installed along the CNAO extraction lines. The passage to the SFP results in a significant advantage in terms of cost, dimension, acquisition rate speed and flexibility. On 19th May 2019 the first beam was extracted in the CNAO experimental room and first in line beam measurement was performed with the SFP. The present work describes the SFP detectors, their achieved performances and the results obtained by means of the most recent beam measurements, performed during experimental line commissioning.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP016  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP021 Development of 16 Electrodes Beam-size Monitors for J-PARC MR emittance, quadrupole, impedance, operation 342
 
  • M. Tajima, T. Nakaya
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
  • T. Koseki, T. Toyama
    KEK, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  For J-PARC, 16 electrodes beam-monitors are developed. It is possible to measure the transverse moments of beams from the induced voltages. A beam size is calculated from these in two locations with different values of beta functions. Beam-monitors such as a Flying Wire Monitor and an Ionization Profile Monitor (IPM) are already installed. However, the two monitors have issues in measuring higher intensity beams. The former is that the wire gets easily burned out and the latter is that there is a sign of the saturation by a space charge effect. Therefore, these aim at measuring the sizes of high intensity proton beams up to 4.2·10+13 protons/bunch, which corresponds to 1.3 MW in 1.16 s cycle operation of the MR. Furthermore, with high accuracy measurements, the injection mismatch from the RCS is to be decreased. In the beam test in February 2019, the signal-noise ratio (SNR) of this monitor in bunch-by-bunch measurements was nearly 40 dB and lower than the SNR > 50 dB which is comparable to IPM. To improve the SNR, we developed new LPFs for anti-aliasing and improved signal processing. In addition, the second monitor will be installed in August 2019 and tested with beams in November.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP021  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP024 Development of a Beam Induced Fluorescence Monitor for Non-Destructively Profiling MW Proton Beam at the J-PARC Neutrino Beamline photon, injection, vacuum, simulation 353
 
  • S.V. Cao, M.L. Friend, K. Sakashita
    KEK, Tsukuba, Japan
  • M. Hartz
    Kavli IPMU, Kashiwa, Japan
  • A. Nakamura
    Okayama University, Okayama, Japan
 
  A Beam Induced Fluorescence (BIF) monitor is under development for non-destructively monitoring the future MW-power proton beam at the neutrino extraction beamline at J-PARC. The §I{30}{GeV} protons are bombarded onto a graphite target, producing one of the most intense neutrino beams in the world for the Tokai-to-Kamioka (T2K) long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment, where beam profile monitoring is essential for protecting beamline equipment and understanding the neutrino flux. For the BIF monitor, gas is injected into the beam pipe and the spatial distribution of the fluorescence light induced by proton-gas interactions is measured, allowing us to continuously and non-destructively monitor the proton beam profile. However, the specifications of the beamline require us to carefully control the gas localization by pulsed injection. Radiation hardness of all monitor components and profile distortion caused by space charge effects must also be considered. We will show how to address these challenges and realize a working prototype.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP024  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP025 The Installation and Application of Multi-wire Profile Monitor for PBW in CSNS target, experiment, simulation, neutron 358
 
  • M. Meng
    DNSC, Dongguan, People’s Republic of China
  • F. Li, P. Li, R.Y. Qiu, A.X. Wang, T. Yang
    IHEP CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
  • T.G. Xu, Zh.H. Xu, L. Zeng
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  To monitor the size and position of 1.6 Gev proton beam in front of proton beam window(PBW) of China spallation neutron source (CSNS), one multi-wire profile monitor (MWPM) is designed and installed with PBW. It can bear the heat caused by beam and generate signal to electronic in local station. We can monitor the situation of beam and protect PBW using MWPM.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP025  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP032 J-PARC Test of ESS Beam on Target Diagnostics Prototypes Aperture Monitor and GRID target, electron, HOM, radiation 382
 
  • C.A. Thomas, J. Etxeberria, H. Kocevar, J.P.S. Martins, T.J. Shea
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • A.J. Johansson, M. Törmänen
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden
  • S.I. Meigo, M. Ooi
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • H. Niu, B. Zhang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  The ESS high power beam will be delivered to the spallation target with high degree of control. To this end, we have designed a suite of instruments which provide measurement of the beam characteristics in a drift space a few meters from the target. Two of these instruments, the APTerure Monitor (APTM) and the GRID are presented. The APTM is designed to measure the fraction of beam going through the defined aperture; its time acquisition ranges from intra-pulse at µs sampling rate to many pulses over seconds. The GRID measures the projected horizontal and vertical profiles, sampling the pulse at 1MHz. A prototype of these two instruments has been designed and installed in the 3NBT dump line of J-PARC. They are designed to test functionality of these instruments in a similar environment as ESS. The 3NBT Dump line at J-PARC presents such an environment. In the second part of the paper we report the results and the measurements performed to test the prototypes. Before concluding we will discuss the results and propose improvements to the instruments final design.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP032  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP037 Studies of the Time Structure of Ionisation Beam Profile Measurements in the ISIS Extracted Proton Beamline simulation, space-charge, software, electron 407
 
  • C.C. Wilcox, W.A. Frank, A. Pertica, R.E. Williamson
    STFC/RAL/ISIS, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
 
  Ionisation Profile Monitors (IPMs) are used at the ISIS neutron and muon source to perform non-destructive transverse beam profile measurements. An in-house particle tracking code, combined with 3D CST modelling of the electric fields within the monitors, has been used to improve understanding of the various error sources within the IPMs, and shows close agreement with profile measurements in the synchrotron. To allow for detailed benchmarking studies, an IPM has been installed in Extracted Proton Beamline 1 (EPB1), enabling comparison with secondary emission (SEM) grid measurements. However, the IPM measurements taken in EPB1 show increased levels of profile broadening at operational beam intensities, which are not reproduced by SEM measurements or simulation. To investigate these differences, studies of the time structure of measured profiles are being performed. This paper details the development of new, high-speed multichannel data acquisition electronics, required to perform these studies. Resulting measurements are discussed, along with an analysis of the data’s time structure and a comparison with that predicted by the IPM code.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP037  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 11 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEAO04 Beam Measurements at the CERN SPS Using Interferometric Electro-Optic Pickups pick-up, laser, simulation, luminosity 454
 
  • A. Arteche, A. Bosco, S.M. Gibson
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • S.E. Bashforth, A. Bosco, S.M. Gibson
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • M. Krupa, T. Lefèvre
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Funding: Work supported by UK STFC grants ST/N001583/1, JAI at Royal Holloway University of London and CERN.
Since 2016 a prototype electro-optic pickup has been installed on the SPS as part of the ongoing development of a high bandwidth electro-optic beam position monitor for the High Luminosity LHC. Following the success of initial beam signal observations with the prototype, improvements of the sensitivity and stability of the pickup have become the main focus of the project. A new concept has been developed which uses an interferometric technique to measure the image field of a passing bunch. One arm of an interferometer passes through an electro-optic lithium niobate crystal, embedded in a pickup, whereas the other arm bypasses. The recombination after the pickup results in an interference pattern that changes as a bunch passes by, due to the electro-optic response of the crystal to the image field. This technique enhances the sensitivity to the field and improves control of the working point. Results from high intensity beams at the SPS are presented. These include a comparison between two different interferometric configurations that were tested on different pickups with similar beam conditions. The stability is assessed by frequency scanning interferometry during beam operation.
 
slides icon Slides WEAO04 [52.252 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEAO04  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 12 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP010 Design and Simulation of a Cavity BPM for HUST Proton Therapy Facility cavity, coupling, simulation, diagnostics 523
 
  • J.Q. Li, Q.S. Chen, K. Tang, P. Tian
    HUST, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China
  • K. Fan
    Huazhong University of Science and Technology, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology,, Hubei, People’s Republic of China
 
  In proton therapy facility, non-destructive beam diagnostic devices are essential for on-line measurement during the patient treatment. To meet the clinical requirement, the beam current becomes ultra-low of the order of nano-ampere, which is a great challenge to non-destructive beam diagnostics because of the extremely low signal level. Compared with conventional non-destructive beam diagnostic devices, the cavity beam position monitor (BPM) has a high shunt impedance to get enough power levels, so a cavity BPM system is designed for HUST-PTF. It is made up of two resonant cavities called reference cavity and position cavity, respectively. Both cavities are simulated and optimized by CST Microwave Studio and Particle Studio. Finally, the electronics of cavity BPM we plan to use is shown.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP010  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 07 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP031 Long Beam Pulse Extraction by the Laser Charge Exchange Method Using the 3-MeV Linac in J-Parc laser, linac, experiment, extraction 589
 
  • H. Takei, K. Hirano, S.I. Meigo
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • K. Tsutsumi
    Nippon Advanced Technology Co., Ltd., Tokai, Japan
 
  The Accelerator-driven System (ADS) is one of the candidates for transmuting long-lived nuclides, such as minor actinide (MA), produced by nuclear reactors. For efficient transmutation of the MA, a precise pre-diction of neutronics of ADS is required. In order to obtain the neutronics data for the ADS, the Japan Pro-ton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has a plan to build the Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P), in which a 400-MeV negative proton (H) beam will be delivered from the J-PARC linac. Since the TEF-P requires a stable proton beam with a power of less than 10 W, a stable and meticulous beam extraction method is required to extract a small amount of the proton beam from the high power beam of 250 kW. To fulfil this requirement, the Laser Charge Exchange (LCE) method has been developed. To demonstrate the long beam pulse extraction using the bright continuous laser beam with a power of 196 W, we installed the LCE device at the end of a 3-MeV linac. As a result of the experiment, a charge-exchanged proton beam with a power of 0.67 W equivalent was obtained under the J-PARC linac beam condition, and this value agreed well with the theoretical value.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP031  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP040 Optimization of Antiproton Capture for Antihydrogen Creation in the ALPHA Experiment antiproton, simulation, experiment, electron 633
 
  • S.S. Fabbri, W. Bertsche
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
 
  At the ALPHA Experiment at CERN, thin foils of material are used to slow down and trap antiprotons in a Penning trap, where they can be used for antihydrogen creation and measurements. Historically, over 99% of antiprotons are lost during the capture process as a result of the 5.3 MeV initial kinetic energy of the beam delivered by the Antiproton Decelerator. This places a limit early on in the achievable number of antihydrogen. ELENA is a new storage ring coming online which will lower this initial kinetic energy of the beam to 100 keV, requiring experiments to update their infrastructure. We present Monte Carlo and particle tracking simulation results for the optimization of the new degrading foil material, thickness, and location in the ALPHA catching Penning trap. From these results, we expect an upper capture efficiency of roughly 50 %. We further propose techniques for manipulating, detecting and extracting on the anticipated larger-numbered antiproton plasmas. These methods and associated hardware developments will allow performing antiproton experiments with significantly higher efficiency in ALPHA and other similar antiproton-based experiments.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP040  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 11 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP044 Beam Position Monitoring System for Fermilab’s Muon Campus electronics, electron, pick-up, MMI 644
 
  • N. Patel, J.S. Diamond, N. Eddy, C.R. McClure, P.S. Prieto, D.C. Voy
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  A Beam Position Monitor (BPM) system has been designed for Fermilab Muon Campus. The BPM system measures Turn-by-Turn orbits as well as Closed Orbits (average of multiple turns). While in the early commissioning phase of this program, preliminary measurements have been made using these BPMs. This paper discusses the design and implementation of these BPMs.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP044  
About • paper received ※ 09 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 12 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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