Keyword: quadrupole
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MOPP038 The Beam Diagnostics Test Bench for the Commissioning of the Proton Linac at FAIR linac, proton, dipole, diagnostics 197
 
  • S. Udrea, P. Forck, C.M. Kleffner, K. Knie, T. Sieber
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  A dedicated proton injector for FAIR (the pLinac) is presently under construction at GSI Darmstadt. This accelerator is designed to deliver a beam current of up to 70 mA with a final energy of 68 MeV for the FAIR anti-proton program. For the commissioning of the pLinac a movable beam diagnostics test bench will be used to characterize the proton beam at different locations during the stepwise installation. The test bench will consist of all relevant types of diagnostic devices as BPM’s, ACCT’s, SEM grids, a slit-grid emittance device and a bunch shape monitor. Moreover, a magnetic spectrometer is supposed to measure the energy spread of the proton beam. Point-to-point imaging is foreseen to enable high energy resolution independently on the transverse emittance. Due to the limited space in the accelerator tunnel a special design must be chosen with the inclusion of quadrupole magnets. The present contribution gives an overall presentation of the test bench and its devices with a special emphasis on the magnetic spectrometer design.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP038  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP009 Determination of the Momentum Spread While Running in the ERL Mode at the S-DALINAC* linac, electron, recirculation, radiation 295
 
  • F. Schließmann, M. Arnold, M. Dutine, N. Pietralla
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  Funding: *Work supported by DFG through GRK 2128 and BMBF through grant No. 05H18RDRB2
The recirculating superconducting electron accelerator S-DALINAC [1] at TU Darmstadt is capable to run as a onefold or twofold Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) with a maximum energy of approximately 34 or 68 MeV in ERL mode, respectively. After the final acceleration in ERL mode, the momentum spread at the intended interaction point has to be determined. In order to investigate that momentum spread, a nondestructive measurement method is necessary. For this reason, it is planned to expand the beam horizontally in a section close to the interaction point by providing a well-defined horizontal dispersion. Using a wire scanner in this section for measuring the horizontal profile of the electron distribution, one can determine the momentum spread. The method of determining the momentum spread using the horizontal dispersion and the design of the wire scanner will be presented in this contribution.
[1] N. Pietralla, Nuclear Physics News, Vol. 28, No. 2, 4 (2018).
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP009  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 07 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP013 Slit-Based Slice Emittance Measurements Optimization at PITZ emittance, electron, laser, cathode 313
 
  • R. Niemczyk, P. Boonpornprasert, Y. Chen, J.D. Good, M. Groß, H. Huck, I.I. Isaev, C. Koschitzki, M. Krasilnikov, S. Lal, X. Li, O. Lishilin, G. Loisch, D. Melkumyan, A. Oppelt, H.J. Qian, H. Shaker, G. Shu, F. Stephan, G. Vashchenko
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
  • W. Hillert
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
 
  At the Photo Injector Test Facility at DESY in Zeuthen (PITZ) high-brightness electron sources are optimized for use at the X-ray free-electron lasers FLASH and European XFEL. Transverse projected emittance measurements are carried out by a single-slit scan technique in order to suppress space charge effects at an energy of ~20 MeV. Previous slice emittance measurements, which employed the emittance measurement in conjunction with a transverse deflecting structure, suffer from limited time resolution and low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) due to a long drift space from the mask to the observation screen. Recent experimental studies at PITZ show improvement of the temporal resolution and SNR by utilizing quadrupole magnets between the mask and the screen. The measurement setup is described and first results are shown.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP013  
About • paper received ※ 26 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP019 Experimental Tests of Screen Materials for High-Precision Transverse Beam-Size Measurements at the SuperKEKB Injector Linac electron, linac, experiment, emittance 335
 
  • F. Miyahara, K. Furukawa, M. Satoh, Y. Seimiya, T. Suwada
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The SuperKEKB injector linac is required to deliver low-emittance electron and positron beams. Wire scanners are employed to measure Twiss parameters and to adjust beam optics conditions. Screen monitors also play important roles for single-shot measurements. However, the beam size became more than 10-times smaller compared with that of the KEKB injection. Beam tests have been performed in order to evaluate materials for high-precision transverse beam-size measurements at the injector. The main purpose of the beam tests is to quantitatively investigate the saturation effect of each screen material for generating the scintillation light, which is strongly depending on the beam-charge density. Several scintillating screen materials including YAG:Ce, LYSO:Ce, BGO and aluminum ceramic have been tested with high energy and high charge-density electron beams. The results are compared with that obtained by the OTR measurement. The saturation of the luminescence was confirmed for all crystals and evaluated in the charge density of 0.5-1.5 nC/mm2. The cause of the saturation and the effect to the measurement are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP019  
About • paper received ※ 07 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP021 Development of 16 Electrodes Beam-size Monitors for J-PARC MR emittance, proton, impedance, operation 342
 
  • M. Tajima, T. Nakaya
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
  • T. Koseki, T. Toyama
    KEK, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  For J-PARC, 16 electrodes beam-monitors are developed. It is possible to measure the transverse moments of beams from the induced voltages. A beam size is calculated from these in two locations with different values of beta functions. Beam-monitors such as a Flying Wire Monitor and an Ionization Profile Monitor (IPM) are already installed. However, the two monitors have issues in measuring higher intensity beams. The former is that the wire gets easily burned out and the latter is that there is a sign of the saturation by a space charge effect. Therefore, these aim at measuring the sizes of high intensity proton beams up to 4.2·10+13 protons/bunch, which corresponds to 1.3 MW in 1.16 s cycle operation of the MR. Furthermore, with high accuracy measurements, the injection mismatch from the RCS is to be decreased. In the beam test in February 2019, the signal-noise ratio (SNR) of this monitor in bunch-by-bunch measurements was nearly 40 dB and lower than the SNR > 50 dB which is comparable to IPM. To improve the SNR, we developed new LPFs for anti-aliasing and improved signal processing. In addition, the second monitor will be installed in August 2019 and tested with beams in November.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP021  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP029 Stripline-based Non-destructive Beam Profile Monitoring System for Muon g-2/EDM Experiment at J-PARC coupling, multipole, dipole, monitoring 372
 
  • C.K. Sung, M. Chung
    UNIST, Ulsan, Republic of Korea
  • S. Hacıömeroğlu
    IBS, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • Y.K. Semertzidis
    CAPP/IBS, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • Y.K. Semertzidis
    KAIST, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
 
  The muon g-2/EDM experiment at J-PARC aims to measure the muon magnetic moment anomaly, a and electric dipole moment, d by introducing an approach excluding any electric field with measurement goal of 450 and 70 ppb for statistical and systematic uncertainty of a , respectively, and sensitivity of 1.5·10-21 e’cm for d. In order to achieve the precision, the beam needs to manipulated such that the X and Y components are coupled by means of skew quadrupole magnets through the transmission line. The XY coupling quality can affect the transmission and storage efficiency so that its failure causes systematic error. Since it is significant to monitor the XY coupling status during the beam operation, a non-destructive beam profile monitoring system is under development to investigate the XY coupling quality so as to reduce the source of systematic uncertainties. The device consists of stripline electrodes installed with 45 deg. rotational symmetry. It will reconstruct the coupling parameters such as skew angle and beam size by using the FFT-based algorithm. This work presents the simulation result on the reconstruction and the wire test result for the prototype device.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP029  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP039 Horizontal and Vertical Emittance Measurements of the Advanced Photon Source Booster Synchrotron Beam at High Charge emittance, synchrotron, electron, booster 415
 
  • K.P. Wootton, W. Berg, J.R. Calvey, K.C. Harkay, A.H. Lumpkin, A. Xiao, B.X. Yang, C. Yao
    ANL, Lemont, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This research used resources of the Advanced Photon Source, operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science by Argonne National Laboratory under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
In order to maximise the injection efficiency from the booster synchrotron into the proposed Advanced Photon Source Upgrade storage ring, beam-based optimisation of the booster electron optical lattice is anticipated. In the present work, we present non-destructive beam size and emittance measurements using the booster synchrotron light monitor and destructive quadrupole scan emittance measurements in the booster to storage ring transport line. Destructive measurements are performed with a 0.1 mm thickness Cerium-doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet screen. In order to characterise performance, both the beam energy at extraction (5, 6 and 7 GeV) and the bunch charge are varied.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP039  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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TUPP044 Multiple Synchrotron Light Monitors for Transverse Matching and Monitoring at CEBAF emittance, synchrotron, radiation, software 436
 
  • B.G. Freeman, J. Gubeli, M.G. Tiefenback
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177
Beam setup at the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) involves threading beam through the machine, monitoring global transfer functions to identify and address cumulative lattice errors. Transverse beam emittance may grow by as much as two orders of magnitude, mediated by synchrotron radiation. Re-matching the enlarged beam phase space into successive re-circulation arcs minimizes this emittance growth but requires knowledge of the actual beam distribution. This is now accomplished through quadrupole scans using wire profile monitors, the most time-consuming activity in our setup process. We propose to use Synchrotron Light Monitors (SLMs) to image the beam at homologous points in the four super-period recirculation arc lattices. Benefits include real-time monitoring of beam parameters and reduced elapsed time for initial setup. These SLMs will be installed in Arc 7 of the CEBAF machine, where Synchrotron Radiation contributes moderately to emittance growth. One of four required SLMs will be installed and commissioned this year, with the rest being installed next year.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP044  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 08 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP002 Development of a Low-beta BPM for MYRTE Project electron, electronics, site, linac 496
 
  • M. Ben Abdillah, P. Blache, F. Fournier, H. Kraft
    IPN, Orsay, France
 
  MYRTE (MYRRHA Research Transmutation Endeavour) performs research to support the development of the MYRRHA (Multi-Purpose Hybrid Research Reactor for High-Tech Applications) research facility, which aims to demonstrate the feasibility of high-level nuclear waste transmutation at industrial scale. MYRRHA Facility aims to accelerate 4mA proton beam up to 100 MeV. The accurate tuning of LINAC is essential for the operation of MYRRHA and requires measurement of the beam transverse position and shape , the phase of the beam with respect to the radiofrequency voltage with the help of Beam Position Monitor (BPM) system. MYRTE aims to qualify beam operation at 1.5MeV. Two BPMs were realized for MYRTE operation. This paper addresses the design, realization, and calibration of these two BPMs and their associated electronics. The characterization of the beam shape is performed by means of a test bench allowing a position mapping with a resolution of 0.02mm.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP002  
About • paper received ※ 27 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP006 Operational Performance of New Detection Electronics for Stripline-Type Beam Position Monitors at the SuperKEKB Injector Linac linac, emittance, operation, electron 514
 
  • F. Miyahara, K. Furukawa, M. Satoh, Y. Seimiya, T. Suwada
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  SuperKEKB injector linac delivers four different beam modes modulated pulse by pulse at 50 Hz, which have 100-times different beam charges, and a pulse may contain two bunches only 96-ns apart. Required low-emittance beams for SuperKEKB rings would need precise beam orbit controls in order to suppress the transverse wakefield in the accelerating structures. A new detection electronics with a wide dynamic range of 40 dB with a high resolution based on a 180-MHz narrow-band detection technique for stripline-type beam position monitors (BPMs) has been developed for the SuperKEKB injector linac. While such measurement condition is challenging, a position resolution of 3 micrometer in one standard deviation was successfully achieved with beam-based tests. The self-calibration system is also installed in order to compensate gain drifts for each input channel with an accuracy down to 0.1%, by using test pulses going through stripline heads between 50-Hz beam pulses. The design concept of the new detection electronics is described in detail, as well as operational performance of synchronized measurement with 100 BPMs for injection beams to four electron/positron storage rings.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP006  
About • paper received ※ 09 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 11 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP014 A Report on Developments of the BCM and BPM Pickups of the ESS MEBT MEBT, pick-up, impedance, vacuum 532
 
  • S. Varnasseri, I. Bustinduy, A. Conde, J. Martin, A. Ortega, I. Rueda, A. Zugazaga
    ESS Bilbao, Zamudio, Spain
  • R.A. Baron, H. Hassanzadegan, T.J. Shea
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
 
  In the framework of the Spanish In-Kind Contribution (IKC) to the construction of the European Spallation Source (ESS-ERIC), ESS-Bilbao is in charge of providing some key systems for the accelerator. In this paper, design and pre-delivery measurements of non-interceptive devices of MEBT (e.g Beam Position Monitor pick-ups, shielded ACCT and FCT) are reported. Overall there are 8 BPMs distributed in MEBT, which 7 of them are used for the beam position and phase measurements and one BPM is used for the fast timing characterization. The latter is used mainly to characterize the partially chopped bunches and rise/fall time of the Beam Chopper. Furthermore there are two ACCTs, one just attached to the beam dump and the other at the last raft of the MEBT. One FCT combined with the second ACCT gives the complementary information on the fast timing characteristics of the beam pulses.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP014  
About • paper received ※ 02 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP029 Virtual Pepper-Pot Technique for 4D Phase Space Measurements emittance, gun, electron, coupling 580
 
  • G.Z. Georgiev, M. Krasilnikov
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
 
  A novel method for 4-dimensional transverse beam phase space measurement is proposed at the Photo Injector Test facility at DESY in Zeuthen (PITZ) for ongoing beam coupling studies. This method is called Virtual Pepper-Pot (VPP), because key principles of the pepper-pot mask scheme are applied. The latter approach is of limited use in high-brightness photo injectors, because of technical reasons. At PITZ a slit scan method instead is the standard tool for reconstruction of horizontal and vertical phase spaces. The VPP method extends the slit scan technique with a special post-processing. The 4D transverse phase space is reconstructed from a pepper-pot like pattern that is generated by crossing each measured horizontal slit beamlet with all measured vertical slit beamlets. All elements of the 4D transverse beam matrix are calculated and applied to obtain the 4D transverse emittance, 4D kinematic beam invariant and coupling factors. The proposed technique has been applied to experimental data from the PITZ photo injector optimization for 0.5 nC bunch charge. Details of the VPP technique and results of its application will be discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP029  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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WEPP033 Position Based Phase Scan cavity, MEBT, focusing, alignment 599
 
  • N. Milas, M. Eshraqi, Y. Levinsen, R. Miyamoto, D.C. Plostinar
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • Y. Liu
    KEK/JAEA, Ibaraki-Ken, Japan
 
  Knowledge of the longitudinal beam parameters is important for understanding beam dynamics in linacs. As well as with transverse optics, the settings for the RF cavities have to be established and phase and amplitude seen by the beam must be determined in order to guarantee a stable motion in the longitudinal plane. This work presents an extension of the most widely used phase scan method, relying on time-of-flight, using only transverse positions measured at a few selected BPMs downstream of the cavity being scanned. In principle, the method can be applied both to normal conducting and SC. The suggested method is fast and relatively simple and is capable to provide the values for the cavity transverse misalignment (offsets and tilts) at the same time. It can be a useful part of the initial longitudinal beam tuning.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP033  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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THAO03 ROSE - a Rotating 4D Emittance Scanner emittance, MMI, software, electronics 668
 
  • M.T. Maier, L. Groening, C. Xiao
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • A. Bechtold
    NTG, Gelnhausen, Germany
  • J.M. Maus
    NTG Neue Technologien GmbH & Co KG, Gelnhausen, Germany
 
  The detector system ROSE, allowing to perform 4D emittance measurements on heavy ion beams independent of their energy and time structure, has been built and successfully commissioned in 2016 at GSI in Darmstadt, Germany. This method to measure the four dimensional emittance has then been granted a patent in 2017. The inventors together with the technology transfer department of GSI have found an industrial partner to modify ROSE into a fully standalone, mobile emittance scanner system. This is a three step process involving the ROSE hardware, the electronics ROBOMAT and the software working packages. The electronics was commissioned at the ECR test bench of the Heidelberg ion therapy facility HIT in June 2019. Currently our main focus is on the development of the 4D software package ROSOFT. This contribution presents the actual status and introduces the multiple possibilities of this 4D emittance scanner.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-THAO03  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
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