Keyword: vacuum
Paper Title Other Keywords Page
MOAO02 Beam Instrumentation and Diagnostics for High Luminosity LHC luminosity, electron, diagnostics, detector 1
 
  • M. Krupa
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The High Luminosity LHC projects aims to increase the integrated luminosity of the LHC experiments by an order of magnitude. New and upgraded beam instrumentation is being developed to cope with much brighter beams and to provide the additional novel diagnostics required to assure safe and efficient operation under the new LHC configuration. This contribution discusses the various ongoing developments and reports on the results obtained with prototypes for transverse position, intra-bunch position, transverse size and profile, and beam halo monitoring.  
slides icon Slides MOAO02 [15.308 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOAO02  
About • paper received ※ 05 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 07 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
MOPP007 Versatile Beamline Cryostat for the Cryogenic Current Comparator (CCC) for FAIR cryogenics, resonance, operation, simulation 77
 
  • D.M. Haider, F. Kurian, M. Schwickert, T. Sieber, T. Stöhlker, F. Ucar
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • H. De Gersem, N. Marsic, W.F.O. Müller
    TEMF, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • J. Golm
    FSU Jena, Jena, Germany
  • J. Golm, T. Koettig
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • M. Schmelz, R. Stolz, V. Zakosarenko
    IPHT, Jena, Germany
  • T. Stöhlker
    IOQ, Jena, Germany
  • T. Stöhlker, V. Tympel
    HIJ, Jena, Germany
  • V. Zakosarenko
    Supracon AG, Jena, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by AVA - Accelerators Validating Antimatter the EU H2020 Marie-Curie Action No. 721559 and by the BMBF under contract No. 05P15SJRBA and 5P18SJRB1.
The Cryogenic Current Comparator (CCC) extends the measurement range of traditional non-destructive current monitors used in accelerator beamlines down to a few nano-amperes of direct beam current. This is achieved by a cryogenic environment of liquid helium around the beamline, in which the beam’s magnetic field is measured with a Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID), which is itself enclosed in a superconducting shielding structure. For this purpose, a versatile UHV-beamline cryostat was designed for the CCCs at FAIR and is currently in production. It is built for long-term autonomous operation with a closed helium re-liquefaction cycle and with good access to all inner components. The design is supported by simulations of the cryostat’s mechanical eigenmodes to minimize the excitation by vibrations in an accelerator environment. A prototype at GSI has demonstrated the self-contained cryogenic operation in combination with a 15 l/day re-liquefier. The cryostat will be used in CRYRING to compare the FAIR-CCC-X with newly developed CCC-types for 150 mm beamlines. Both which will supply a nA current reading during commissioning and for the experiments.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP007  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
MOPP047 Design and Development of Beam Diagnostics for an FFA-FFA Ring for ISIS-II Upgrade Studies detector, simulation, GUI, proton 215
 
  • E. Yamakawa
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • S. Machida, A. Pertica, C.C. Wilcox
    STFC/RAL/ISIS, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
 
  The ISIS-II project aims to deliver a new spallation neu- tron source by 2034, driven by a 1.2 GeV proton accelerator capable of delivering a beam power of 1.25 MW with a rep- etition rate of 50 Hz or higher. One of the options for this future accelerator is a Fixed Field alternating gradient Accelerator (FFA). To demonstrate the suitability of FFAs for use in a user facility such as ISIS, there is a plan to construct a smaller scale proof of concept machine: FETS-FFA. Developing beam diagnostics for the FETS-FFA ring presents a challenge due to a large orbit excursion and aperture ( 60 mm x 700 mm). Diagnostics must cover the full size of beam chamber whilst still providing measurement sensitivity and resolution comparable to that seen in the ISIS synchrotron. This paper presents the current design and development of beam diagnostics for the FETS-FFA ring, including finite element studies of Beam Position Monitors (BPMs) and Ionisation Profile Monitors (IPMs).  
poster icon Poster MOPP047 [9.355 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-MOPP047  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 07 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPP005 PLC Based Flexible and Scalable Vacuum Control at the Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System (ATLAS) controls, PLC, ECR, status 280
 
  • Y. Luo, D.G. Bilbrough, C. Dickerson, A.E. Germain, M.R. Hendricks, C.E. Peters, S.I. Sharamentov
    ANL, Lemont, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Physics, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. This research used resources of ANL’s ATLAS facility, a DOE Office.
The beamline sections of an accelerator and different ion sources require a vacuum system capable of providing pressures down to 10-10 Torr. To control, monitor, and provide interlock protection of the vacuum equipment, a PLC-based vacuum control system was developed and tested at the Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator (ATLAS). This system was designed to be highly flexible and scalable to meet the variety of equipment and configurations at ATLAS. The current FGPA-based system is reliable and fast, but is very difficult to maintain and upgrade. Particular attention was paid to the signal distribution to promote standard cable connections, minimize the usage of terminal blocks, and reduce the time to troubleshoot problematic channels. The system monitors the status of fast acting relays for interlock or control purposes, and utilizes RS-485 communication to gather lower priority information such as pump speeds or vacuum pressure readouts. The vacuum levels are monitored to interlock the high voltages of some beam instruments to protect against sparks as the Paschen minimum is approached. This paper mainly presents work on hardware interface to various vacuum devices.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP005  
About • paper received ※ 30 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 07 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPP014 New Combined Function Wire Scanner-Screen Station for the High Resolution Transverse Profile Measurements at FERMI electron, FEL, operation, laser 317
 
  • M. Veronese, A. Abrami, M. Bossi, M. Ferianis, S. Grulja, G. Penco, M. Tudor
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
 
  We present the upgrade of the transverse profile diagnostics at the end of the FERMI Linac with a new high resolution instrumentation with the aim of improving the accuracy of the measurement of the twiss parameters and of the emittance. A scintillating screen, has been adopted instead of OTR screen due to known COTR issues. We used the same COTR suppression geometry that we had already implemented on our intra undulator screens and YAG:Ce as scintillating material. Screen based transverse profile diagnostics provide single shot measurements with a typical resolution of the order of tens of microns mainly due to refraction effects, geometry and other physical material properties. To extend the resolution to the micron level needed in case of low charge operation, we have equipped the same vacuum chamber with a wire scanner housing 10 micron tungsten wires. This paper describes the design and the first operational experience with the new device and discusses advantages as well as limitations.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP014  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPP024 Development of a Beam Induced Fluorescence Monitor for Non-Destructively Profiling MW Proton Beam at the J-PARC Neutrino Beamline photon, injection, proton, simulation 353
 
  • S.V. Cao, M.L. Friend, K. Sakashita
    KEK, Tsukuba, Japan
  • M. Hartz
    Kavli IPMU, Kashiwa, Japan
  • A. Nakamura
    Okayama University, Okayama, Japan
 
  A Beam Induced Fluorescence (BIF) monitor is under development for non-destructively monitoring the future MW-power proton beam at the neutrino extraction beamline at J-PARC. The §I{30}{GeV} protons are bombarded onto a graphite target, producing one of the most intense neutrino beams in the world for the Tokai-to-Kamioka (T2K) long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment, where beam profile monitoring is essential for protecting beamline equipment and understanding the neutrino flux. For the BIF monitor, gas is injected into the beam pipe and the spatial distribution of the fluorescence light induced by proton-gas interactions is measured, allowing us to continuously and non-destructively monitor the proton beam profile. However, the specifications of the beamline require us to carefully control the gas localization by pulsed injection. Radiation hardness of all monitor components and profile distortion caused by space charge effects must also be considered. We will show how to address these challenges and realize a working prototype.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP024  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPP028 Double-Wire Vibrating Wire Monitor (DW-VWM) for Beam Halo Monitoring in High-intensity Accelerators experiment, laser, electron, operation 368
 
  • D.H. Kwak, M. Chung
    UNIST, Ulsan, Republic of Korea
  • S.G. Arutunian, A.V. Margaryan
    ANSL, Yerevan, Armenia
  • G.S. Harutyunyan, E.G. Lazareva
    YSU, Yerevan, Armenia
 
  Funding: This work was partly supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (Grants No. 2017M1A7A1A02016413).
Double-Wire Vibrating Wire Monitor (DW-VWM) has been designed and manufactured to monitor the beam halo in high-intensity accelerators. Compared with the previous VWM, we increase the ratio between the aperture and wire length by using strong 5 mm x 5 mm Samarium-Cobalt magnets. In addition, we install two stainless steel vibrating wires on the same frame. The first wire is placed in the beam halo region for measurements, and the second wire, which is separated from the beam by a screen, is used to subtract background signal caused by ambient temperature shifts. The new electronics of the DW-VWM consist of two main boards: auto-generation unit which is placed near the VWM, and the frequency measurement unit which is placed in the control room (100 m distance operation was tested). Typical frequency of the VWM (at start tension about 0.7 of tensile strength) is about 8000 Hz. The temperature sensitivity is about 110 Hz/K with 0.2 mK Hz resolution. The VWM was tested in vacuum tank and the frequency corresponding to each vacuum level was analyzed. The process of oscillation excitation at different levels of vacuum was also investigated.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP028  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 11 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPP035 Development of Modular Spare Parts for the Profile and Position Monitors of the 590 MeV Beam Line at HIPA shielding, pick-up, target, simulation 397
 
  • R. Dölling, D.C. Kiselev, F. Marcellini, K.M. Zehnder
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  • D. Berisha, J. Germanovic, K.M. Zehnder
    ABBTS, Baden, Switzerland
 
  A new generation of monitor plugs is under development for the ageing wire profile monitors and beam position monitors which are inserted into massive shielding of the 590 MeV proton beam line at HIPA. The modular mechanical design, aspects of handling, vacuum compatibility, radiation hardness, shielding, cabling and monitor environment are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-TUPP035  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
WEPP003 A new button-type beam position monitor for BESSY II and BESSY VSR impedance, operation, storage-ring, synchrotron 500
 
  • J.G. Hwang, V. Dürr, F. Falkenstern, M. Ries, A. Schälicke, G. Schiwietz, D. Wolk
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the German Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, Land Berlin and grants of Helmholtz Association.
The future BESSY VSR system involves more than one order-of-magnitude differences in the total charge of adjacent short and long bunches within the bunch train. Thus, any signal ringing beyond a nanosecond in time will cause a misreading of beam position and current, specifically for low bunch charges. This calls for improved performance for the bunch-selective operation of the beam-position-monitor (BPM) system. We report on the corresponding design and fabrication of a new button BPM with advanced features, such as impedance matching inside the button as well as optimization of insulator material, button size, and position, for reduced crosstalk between buttons.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP003  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
WEPP014 A Report on Developments of the BCM and BPM Pickups of the ESS MEBT MEBT, pick-up, quadrupole, impedance 532
 
  • S. Varnasseri, I. Bustinduy, A. Conde, J. Martin, A. Ortega, I. Rueda, A. Zugazaga
    ESS Bilbao, Zamudio, Spain
  • R.A. Baron, H. Hassanzadegan, T.J. Shea
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
 
  In the framework of the Spanish In-Kind Contribution (IKC) to the construction of the European Spallation Source (ESS-ERIC), ESS-Bilbao is in charge of providing some key systems for the accelerator. In this paper, design and pre-delivery measurements of non-interceptive devices of MEBT (e.g Beam Position Monitor pick-ups, shielded ACCT and FCT) are reported. Overall there are 8 BPMs distributed in MEBT, which 7 of them are used for the beam position and phase measurements and one BPM is used for the fast timing characterization. The latter is used mainly to characterize the partially chopped bunches and rise/fall time of the Beam Chopper. Furthermore there are two ACCTs, one just attached to the beam dump and the other at the last raft of the MEBT. One FCT combined with the second ACCT gives the complementary information on the fast timing characteristics of the beam pulses.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP014  
About • paper received ※ 02 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 10 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
WEPP025 A Transverse Deflecting Cavity Prototype for the MAX IV LINAC linac, simulation, polarization, gun 568
 
  • D. Olsson, A. Bjermo, L. Christiansson, J. Lundh, D. Lundström, E. Mansten, M. Nilsson, E. Paju, L.K. Roslund, K. Åhnberg
    MAX IV Laboratory, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
 
  The MAX IV LINAC operates both as a full-energy injector for two electron storage rings, and as a driver for a Short Pulse Facility (SPF). There are also plans to build Soft X-ray Laser (SXL) beamlines at the end of the existing LINAC. For SPF and SXL operation, it is important to characterize beam parameters such as bunch profile, slice energy spread and slice emittance. For these measurements, two 3 m long transverse deflecting RF structures are being developed. The structures are operating at S-band, and it is possible to adjust the polarization of the deflecting fields. In order to verify the RF concept, a short 9-cell prototype was constructed. The measurements results of the prototype are presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP025  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 09 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
WEPP036 Application of Thermoelectric Oscillations in a Lithium Niobate Single Crystal for Particle Generation electron, experiment, ECR, radiation 614
 
  • K.V. Fedorov, P. Karataev
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • K.V. Fedorov
    TPU, Tomsk, Russia
  • O.O. Ivashchuk, A.A. Klenin, A.S. Kubankin, A.N. Oleinik
    BelSU, Belgorod, Russia
  • A.V. Shchagin
    NSC/KIPT, Kharkov, Ukraine
 
  Single crystals of lithium niobate (LiNbO3) and lithium tantalate (LiTaO3) can be used to accelerate electrons and positive ions to energies of the order of 100 keV and generate X-rays and fast neutrons, as well as to control beams of charged particles. However, this way of particles acceleration and generation is not widely used yet due to an unstable particle flux caused by electric breakdowns or crystal impurities leading to temporal discontinuity of pyroelectric current. A sinusoidal mode of the temperature change demonstrated stable oscillations of the pyroelectric current on the polar surface with typical frequency being of the order of 1-50 mHz and the amplitude being about 1-10 nA for samples with area of several cm2. In vacuum it leads to generation of high electric field, which oscillates with the same frequency. Estimated amplitude of electric field is order of 105 V/cm. The possibilities of using such mode of temperature change to obtain a quasi-stable X-ray and electron source are considered. The fundamental properties and further prospects for the application of thermoelectric oscillations are also discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2019-WEPP036  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 11 September 2019       issue date ※ 10 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)